Vernonia colorata (Willd.) Drake
subsp. colorata

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Vernonia colorata subsp. colorata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Green Valley Estate, Odzi

Vernonia colorata subsp. colorata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Burma Valley rd nr Vumba rd junction

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Synonyms: Eupatorium coloratum Willd.
Gymnanthemum coloratum (Willd.) H. Rob. & B. Kahn
Vernonia senegalensis (Pers.) Less.
Common names: Lowveld tree vernonia (English) Musikavakadzi (Shona) Rurimirwemombe (Shona) Star-flowered bitter-tea (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. The leaves are ovate-elliptic, normally twice as long as wide, with distinctly undulate margins. The upper surface is harshly hairy, the undersurface covered in dense woolly hairs, obscuring the net-veining. The flowerheads are star-shaped, forming large terminal clusters, mauve when young but soon turning white, appearing in winter. The body of the achene is covered in papillae but lacks hairs (apart from the pappus). See Vernonia amygdalina for comparison.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In open woodland, at the base of kopjes, in riverine fringes and along the edges of vleis and pans.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1540 m
Flowering time:Apr - Jun
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 204. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 1027. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Pages 36 - 37.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 278. As Vernonia colorata

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 29.

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 70 - 72. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 39.

Other sources of information about Vernonia colorata subsp. colorata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Vernonia colorata subsp. colorata
Flora of Malawi: Vernonia colorata subsp. colorata
Flora of Mozambique: Vernonia colorata subsp. colorata
Flora of Zambia: Vernonia colorata subsp. colorata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vernonia colorata
African Plant Database: Vernonia colorata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vernonia colorata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vernonia colorata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vernonia colorata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vernonia colorata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vernonia colorata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Vernonia colorata
iNaturalist: Vernonia colorata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vernonia colorata
JSTOR Plant Science: Vernonia colorata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vernonia colorata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vernonia colorata
Plants of the World Online: Vernonia colorata
The Plant List (version 1.1): Vernonia colorata
Tropicos: Vernonia colorata
Wikipedia: Vernonia colorata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vernonia colorata subsp. colorata., retrieved 21 September 2020

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