Helichrysum africanum (S. Moore) Wild

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Helichrysum africanum

Photo: Rawdon Goodier
Nr summit of Mt Dombe, Chimanimani Mts

Helichrysum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten

Helichrysum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten

Helichrysum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten

Helichrysum africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Calomeria africana (S. Moore) Heine
Humea africana S. Moore
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Much-branched shrubby perennial, up to 1 m tall. Leaves sessile, oblong-ovate, up to 1.5 × 1 cm, 3-veined from the base, densely grey velvety on both surfaces. Capitula in terminal, many-headed corymbose cymes. Involucral bracts 5-seriate, ovate-oblong, 2.5 mm, pale yellow or rarely purplish. Florets bright yellow; flowerheads turning straw-coloured when older.
Notes: Although this species is still listed in most taxonomic databases under the genus name Calomeria, other sources list Calomeria as a monotypic genus from Australia with the single species C. amaranthoides Vent, a shrub-like plant that bears little or no resemblance to C. africana.
Derivation of specific name: africanum: of Africa, an odd name for this particular species since it is a very narrow endemic and not widespread in Africa at all.
Habitat: Among quartzite rocks and in quartzite grasslands.
Altitude range: (metres) 950 - 2300 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Chimanimani Mts of Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 12 September 2011

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 30.

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 81.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 172. As Humea africana

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 134. As Humea africana

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 24. as Calomeria africana

Wild, H. (1964). The endemic species of the Chimanimani Mountains and their significance Kirkia 4 Page 154. as Humea africana

Wild, H. (1982). New species and new names of Helichrysum Mill. from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 12(2) Page 191.

Wild, H. (Undated, c. 1980?). A draft revision of Helichrysum Mill. for Flora Zambesiaca Unpublished ms. Pages 18 - 19.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 89.

Other sources of information about Helichrysum africanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Helichrysum africanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Helichrysum africanum
African Plant Database: Helichrysum africanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Helichrysum africanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Helichrysum africanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Helichrysum africanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Helichrysum africanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Helichrysum africanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Helichrysum africanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Helichrysum africanum
Plants of the World Online: Helichrysum africanum
Tropicos: Helichrysum africanum
Wikipedia: Helichrysum africanum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Helichrysum africanum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=159950, retrieved 11 December 2023

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