Sapindus saponaria L.

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Sapindus saponaria

Photo: Mark Hyde
Prince Edward School, Harare

Sapindus saponaria

Photo: Mark Hyde
Prince Edward School, Harare

Sapindus saponaria

Photo: Mark Hyde
Prince Edward School, Harare

Sapindus saponaria

Photo: Mark Hyde
Borrowdale Road, adjacent to National Botanic Garden

Sapindus saponaria

Photo: Mark Hyde
Borrowdale Road, adjacent to National Botanic Garden

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Western soapberry (English) Wingleaved soapberry (English)
Frequency:
Status: Introduced and occasional becoming naturalized.
Description:
Small to medium-sized deciduous tree. Leaves alternate, pinnate, 20-38 cm long with rhachis winged; leaflets 6-20, lanceolate, thick and leathery leaflets, 5-13 cm long; margins entire. Inflorescences in dense terminal branched heads, 15-20 cm long. Flowers numerous, small, white. Fruit in large pyramidal clusters, 3-3.6 cm wide, golden yellow when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: saponaria: soapy, referring to the fruit. These contain a large amount of saponin, which, mashed with water produces a soapy lather formerly used for laundering clothes.
Habitat: Planted along roads and in gardens or parks; occasionally escaping and becoming naturalized, mainly along roadsides or in exotic plantations.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native from Mexico to Argentina; introduced and naturalized in Tropical Africa and part of Southeast Asia.
Zimbabwe distribution: C
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Other sources of information about Sapindus saponaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Sapindus saponaria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sapindus saponaria
African Plant Database: Sapindus saponaria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sapindus saponaria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sapindus saponaria
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sapindus saponaria
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sapindus saponaria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sapindus saponaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sapindus saponaria
iNaturalist: Sapindus saponaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sapindus saponaria
JSTOR Plant Science: Sapindus saponaria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sapindus saponaria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sapindus saponaria
Plants of the World Online: Sapindus saponaria
Tropicos: Sapindus saponaria
Wikipedia: Sapindus saponaria


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sapindus saponaria.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=162540, retrieved 11 May 2021

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