Tricalysia niamniamensis Hiern

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Tricalysia niamniamensis

Photo: Mark Hyde
Christon Bank

Tricalysia niamniamensis

Photo: Mark Hyde
Christon Bank

Tricalysia niamniamensis

Photo: Mark Hyde
Christon Bank

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Synonyms: Tricalysia angolensis sensu R.B. Drumm. non A. Rich.
Common names: Scaly-bark jackal-coffee (English)
Status: Native
Deciduous shrub or small tree. Bark pale brown, often slightly scaling; branches often with knobbly leaf scars, velvety when young. Leaves opposite, ovate, elliptic to obovate, up to 9 × 4 cm, pale green, usually covered with short soft hairs, sometimes only hairy on the midrib; hair-tuft domatia present; petiole 1-6 mm, velvety. Flowers in tight c. 5-flowered heads along the branches, strongly scented, appearing before the leaves. Corolla greenish-white to cream, 1-1.5cm in diameter. Fruit almost round, c. 7 mm in diameter, crowned with the remains of the calyx, red when ripe.
Notes: Note: the division of this species in varieties or subspecies by various authors is confusing to say the least. We therefore maintain it here as a single aggregate species for the time being.
Derivation of specific name: niamniamensis: described from a collection by George Schweinfurth in 1870 in the ‘Lande der Niamniam’. Niam Niam extended ± from Lake Chad to the White Nile in what is now South Sudan and in DRC to the equator.
Habitat: In open woodland, most often on koppies and rocky hillsides
Altitude range: (metres) 750 - 1525 m
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 27 June 2010

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 492 - 493. As Tricalysia niamniamensis nodosa

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 275. As Tricalysia angolensis


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Other sources of information about Tricalysia niamniamensis:

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Flora of Malawi: Tricalysia niamniamensis
Flora of Mozambique: Tricalysia niamniamensis
Flora of Zambia: Tricalysia niamniamensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tricalysia niamniamensis
African Plant Database: Tricalysia niamniamensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Tricalysia niamniamensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tricalysia niamniamensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tricalysia niamniamensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Tricalysia niamniamensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Tricalysia niamniamensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tricalysia niamniamensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Tricalysia niamniamensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tricalysia niamniamensis
Ispot Southern Africa: Tricalysia niamniamensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Tricalysia niamniamensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Tricalysia niamniamensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tricalysia niamniamensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Tricalysia niamniamensis
Tropicos: Tricalysia niamniamensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Tricalysia niamniamensis., retrieved 19 February 2018

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