Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv.

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Spathodea campanulata

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Spathodea campanulata

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Spathodea campanulata

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Spathodea campanulata

Photo: Petra Ballings
Gardiner Farm, Arcturus

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Synonyms: Bignonia tulipifera Thonn.
Spathodea danckelmaniana Büttner
Common names: African flame tree (English) African tulip tree (English) Fountain tree (English) Nandi flame (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Introduced
Description:
Tree, to 20 m. Leaves 1-pinnate, imparipinnate, opposite, large (to 50 cm long); leaflets ovate to elliptic. Flowers orange to red. Calyx spathaceous, densely hairy. Corolla lobes ± undulate. Fruit a capsule, 15 - 30 cm, fusiform, held erect. Seeds winged.
Notes: Although it is a very commonly planted street tree in Zimbabwe, there is only one record of it being naturalised, namely at Aberfoyle in the Eastern districts.
Derivation of specific name: campanulata: campanulate, referring to the shape of the corolla.
Habitat: Edge of forest
Altitude range: (metres) 840 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 13 May 2007
Literature:

Bailey, L.H. (1949). Manual of Cultivated Plants Revised edition. Macmillan, New York. Pages 906 - 907.

Diniz, M.A. (1988). Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Page 62.


Other sources of information about Spathodea campanulata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Spathodea campanulata
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Spathodea campanulata
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Spathodea campanulata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Spathodea campanulata
African Plant Database: Spathodea campanulata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Spathodea campanulata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Spathodea campanulata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Spathodea campanulata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Spathodea campanulata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Spathodea campanulata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Spathodea campanulata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Spathodea campanulata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Spathodea campanulata
Ispot Southern Africa: Spathodea campanulata
JSTOR Plant Science: Spathodea campanulata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Spathodea campanulata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Spathodea campanulata
The Plant List (version 1.1): Spathodea campanulata
Tropicos: Spathodea campanulata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Spathodea campanulata.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=164250, retrieved 16 June 2019

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