Barleria bremekampii Oberm.

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Common names:
Frequency: Very rare in Zimbabwe.
Status: Native
Spiny shrub, 90-150 cm high with stems densely hairy. Leaves elliptic to broadly ovate, 1.2-3cm long, sometimes absent when fruiting, hairs buff or greyish on both surfaces but most dense on the prominent veins beneath; petiole 1-7.5 mm long. Flowers numerous in 1-6-flowered axillary clusters on the upper portion of the branches; bracteoles stoutly spinose, triangular in cross-section, 15-31 mm long, soon turning straw-coloured, persisting as long axillary paired spines. Calyx green or purplish at first with darker venation but soon turning straw-coloured; lobes oblong-lanceolate to oblanceolate 7.5-16.5 mm long with margin entire or with 2-3 mucronate teeth at the apex, densely silky hairy. Corolla 25-35 mm long, blue or mauve with numerous glandular hairs on the outside; lobes with 2 smaller upper lobes up to 6 mm long, 2 lateral lobes and a lower lobe 8.5-14 mm long. Capsule 12.5-16.5 mm long, with a few pale hairs at the apex.
Notes: Locally common in South Africa but in Zimbabwe only known from what is the type specimen. Although the main habitats are not threatened it has not been recollected since 1929.
Derivation of specific name: bremekampii after Professor Cornelis Eliza Bertus Bremekamp (1888-1984), Dutch botanist who lived and worked in Indonesia and South Africa. He worked at the University of Transvaal and also collected in Rhodesia and Mozambique.
Habitat: In open bushland and on dry rocky slopes and outcrops.
Altitude range: (metres) 1100 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Western Zimbabwe and Limpopo, North-West province South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 61 - 62.

Other sources of information about Barleria bremekampii:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Barleria bremekampii
African Plant Database: Barleria bremekampii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Barleria bremekampii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Barleria bremekampii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Barleria bremekampii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Barleria bremekampii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Barleria bremekampii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Barleria bremekampii
iNaturalist: Barleria bremekampii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Barleria bremekampii
JSTOR Plant Science: Barleria bremekampii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Barleria bremekampii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Barleria bremekampii
Plants of the World Online: Barleria bremekampii
Tropicos: Barleria bremekampii
Wikipedia: Barleria bremekampii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Barleria bremekampii., retrieved 30 September 2022

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