Olinia chimanimani T. Shah & I. Darbysh.

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Olinia chimanimani

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes towards Mt Nhamedimu, Chimanimani Mts

Olinia chimanimani

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes towards Mt Nhamedimu, Chimanimani Mts

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Frequency: Local.
Status: Native and uncommon
Shrub or small tree up to 5 m high. Bark thin, pale whitish-grey to brown. Branchlets grey to brown, quadrangular, ridged. Leaves sessile, opposite or in whorls of three on very young sapling branches, obovate to oblanceolate occasionally elliptic, 20–40 mm long, leathery, often with a pink tinged apical mucro, glossy green and hairless above, paler green beneath; margin entire, rolled under. Inflorescences terminal, compound, 21–48 mm long, finely velvety. Flowers 5-merous, pinkish when fresh, in groups of three. Sepals highly reduced. Petals 5, slightly thick and fleshy, spathulate, 1.2–4. mm long, hairless, pale yellow when dry, with minute scales on the inside and, densely pubescent on both surfaces. Fruit a globose fleshy drupe, c. 6 mm in diameter, hairless, pinkish, drying pale brown.
Derivation of specific name: chimanimani: of the Chimanimani Mts.
Habitat: In crags and gullies of quartzite sandstone and at the base large rocks on steep slopes.
Altitude range: (metres) 1500 - 1900 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Only known from the Chimanimani Mts of Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Endangered
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 20 September 2018

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 91.

Shah, T., Darbyshire, I. & Matimele, H. (2018). Olinia chimanimani (Penaeaceae), a new species endemic to the Chimanimani Mountains of Mozambique and Zimbabwe Kew Bulletin 73(36) Pages 1 - 7. Protologue (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J., Darbyshire, I., Wursten, B., Hadj-Hammou, J., Ballings, P., Mapaura, A., Matimele, H., Banze, A., Chipanga, H., Muassinar, D., Massunde, J., Chelene, I., Osborne, J., Shah, T. (2016). Chimanimani Mountains: Botany and Conservation. Report produced under CEPF Grant 63512. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London. Page 49. As Olinia sp. nov. aff. O. vanguerioides

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 96. As Olinia vanguerioides subsp. nov. vel sp. nov.

Other sources of information about Olinia chimanimani:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Olinia chimanimani

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Olinia chimanimani
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Olinia chimanimani
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Olinia chimanimani
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Olinia chimanimani
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Olinia chimanimani
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Olinia chimanimani
JSTOR Plant Science: Olinia chimanimani
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Olinia chimanimani
Plants of the World Online: Olinia chimanimani
Tropicos: Olinia chimanimani
Wikipedia: Olinia chimanimani

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Olinia chimanimani.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=229960, retrieved 24 June 2024

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