Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Scrophulariaceae - Snapdragon family


Hilliard, O.M. (1994) The Manuleae. A tribe of the Scrophulariaceae Edinburgh University Press

Philcox, D. (1990) Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2)

Description of the family

Herbs, sometimes parasitic and lacking chlorophyll, shrubs or, rarely, trees (Freylinia). Stipules 0. Leaves alternate, opposite or whorled, entire, toothed or variously lobed or dissected. Inflorescences various. Pedicels with 0 or 2 bracteoles. Flowers bisexual, usually zygomorphic. Calyx (3-)5-lobed, usually ± united. Corolla gamopetalous, sometimes produced into 1 or 2 spurs or sacs; limb usually 4- or 5-lobed, the lobes subequal or 2-lipped. Stamens 4, didynamous or equal, or 2 with occasionally 2 reduced to staminodes or 5 with the fifth ± rudimentary, rarely functional. Ovary superior, 2(-3)-locular. Fruit usually a capsule. Seeds small, numerous.

Comment: According to the most recent taxonomic research by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG-III), the traditional concepts of Scrophulariaceae were no longer satisfactory. Many genera, formerly included in this family, have therefore now been placed in separate families. As this new concept has become widely accepted, we have adjusted accordingly, resulting in the following changes:
All hemiparasitic genera are now in Orobanchaceae;
All genera formerly placed in the subfamily Linderieae are now in Linderniaceae, provisionally also including the African species of Stemodiopsis;
A substantial number of genera are now placed in Plantaginaceae;
The genus Mimulus is now part of Phrymaceae;
Halleria is now in Stilbaceae.

Worldwide: 268 genera and 5,100 species, cosmopolitan, but especially temperate areas and on tropical mountains.

Zimbabwe: 17 genera and 48 taxa.

Zaluzianskya tropicalis

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Antherothamnus N.E. Br.Description, Image
Anticharis Endl.
Aptosimum Burch. ex Benth.Description, Image
Buddleja L.Description, Image
Diclis Benth.Description, Image
Freylinia CollaDescription, Image
Gomphostigma Turcz.Description, Image
Hebenstretia L.Description, Image
Jamesbrittenia KuntzeDescription, Image
Limosella L.Description, Image
Manulea L.Description, Image
Melanospermum Hilliard
Nemesia Vent.Description, Image
Selago L.Description, Image
Sutera RothDescription
Teedia Rudolphi
Zaluzianskya F.W. SchmidtDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Scrophulariaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Scrophulariaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Scrophulariaceae
Flora of Malawi: Scrophulariaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Scrophulariaceae
Flora of Zambia: Scrophulariaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Scrophulariaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Scrophulariaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Scrophulariaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=207, retrieved 27 October 2016

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