G.455. Panicum L.

Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Leaves: lamina variable, from linear to ovate. Inflorescence a panicle, usually much branched, but occasionally ± contracted about the primary branches. Spikelets dorsally flattened, rarely slightly gibbous; lower glume usually shorter than (rarely equal to) the spikelet; upper glume as long as, the spikelet, often with a stipe-like internode between the glumes; lower floret male or barren; its lower lemma resembling the upper glume; upper lemma crustaceous; margin involute and clasping only the edges of the palea. A generally recognisable genus but the following could be confused with it: Brachiaria deflexa, Eriochloa meyeriana, Tricholaena monachne.

Worldwide: 500 species or more in tropical and warm temperate zones

Zimbabwe: 46 taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Achaea echo (Echo moth) Food plant
Borbo fatuellus (Long-horned swift) Larval foodplant
Panicum maximum

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
arcurameum StapfN,W,C,E,S
atrosanguineum A. Rich.N,W,S
bechuanense Bremek. & Oberm.W
brazzavillense Franch.C,E
brevifolium L.E
chambeshii RenvoizeN
coloratum L. var. coloratum N,W,C,E,S
deustum Thunb.N,C,E,S
dregeanum NeesN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
ecklonii NeesE
eickii MezE
fluviicola Steud.N,W
gilvum Launert
glandulopaniculatum RenvoizeE
gracilicaule RendleN
graniflorum StapfN,W
haplocaulos Pilg.W
heterostachyum Hack.N,W,C,E,S
hymeniochilum NeesE,S
inaequilatum Stapf & C.E. Hubb.E
infestum Andersson ex PetersC,E,S
kalaharense MezN,W,S
kasumense Renvoize[End]W
laticomum NeesE,S
madipirense MezN
maximum Jacq.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
merkeri MezW
miliaceum L.N,C
monticola Hook. f.EDescription, Image
natalense Hochst.N,C,E,S
nervatum (Franch.) StapfE
novemnerve StapfN,W,C,E,S
peteri Pilg.E
phragmitoides StapfW,E
poaeoides StapfW
porphyrrhizos Steud.N,W,C
repens L.N,W,C,S
repentellum NapperN,C
sabiense Renvoize[End]N,C,E,S
schinzii Hack.N,C,E,S
subalbidum KunthN,W,C,E,S
trichocladum Hack. ex K. Schum.E
trichoides Sw.N,C
trichonode Launert & RenvoizeN,W,C,E,S
wiehei RenvoizeE
zambesiense RenvoizeN,W

Other sources of information about Panicum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Panicum
Flora of Caprivi: Panicum
Flora of Malawi: Panicum
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum
Flora of Zambia: Panicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Panicum

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Panicum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Panicum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Panicum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Panicum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Panicum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Panicum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=191, retrieved 25 September 2016

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