Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl

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Carissa edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cecil Kop, Mutare

Carissa edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cecil Kop, Mutare

Carissa edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rd to Osborne Dam

Carissa edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpinge Pass, Great Dyke

Carissa edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpinge Pass, Great Dyke

Carissa edulis

Photo: Neil Crouch
Frog 'n' Fern, Chimanimani

Carissa edulis

Photo: Neil Crouch
Frog 'n' Fern, Chimanimani

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Carissa tomentosa A. Rich.
Common names: Mudyabveni (Shona) Mudzambara (Shona) Muhlababzunzi (Shona) Mumbingwa (Shona) Muruguru (Shona) Mutsamviringa (Shona) Simple-spined num-num (English) Umlugulu (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Scrambling shrub or small tree with simple, opposite spines. Young leaves and twigs often pubescent. The fruits are edible.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: edulis: edible
Habitat: A species of riverine scrub and dry woodland often associated with termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) 1060 - 1580 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Asia from Yemen to India and Thailand and the Indian Ocean islands
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cirina forda (Food plant)
Nephele comma (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 20 December 2012
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 947.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 25.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 308 - 309. (Includes a picture).

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae FZ 7(2) Pages 399 - 400.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 18.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 24.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 27. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, S Africa Pages 558 - 559. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 306 - 307. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Carissa edulis:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Carissa edulis
Flora of Mozambique: Carissa edulis
Flora of Zambia: Carissa edulis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Carissa edulis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Carissa edulis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Carissa edulis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Carissa edulis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Carissa edulis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Carissa edulis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Carissa edulis
Ispot Southern Africa : Carissa edulis
JSTOR Plant Science: Carissa edulis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Carissa edulis
Tropicos: Carissa edulis
West African Plants database: Carissa edulis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Carissa edulis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144940, retrieved 23 July 2014

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