Landolphia buchananii (Hallier f.) Stapf

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Landolphia buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cecil Kop Nature Reserve, Mutare

Landolphia buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cecil Kop Nature Reserve, Mutare

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Synonyms: Landolphia swynnertonii S. Moore
Common names: Apricot vine (English) Mukanga (Shona) Muungu (Shona) Rubber vine (English) Runyangarwapene (Shona)
Status: Native
Climbing shrub or robust liane with numerous strong tendrils formed by old inflorescence branches. Older stems strongly and deeply fluted, appearing almost like a bundle of separate vines. Leaves elliptic-oblong to narrowly ovate, up to 14 cm long, dark green, usually not glossy and hairless above, midrib hardly channeled, lateral veins and net-veining somewhat depressed, midrib prominent below, net-veining visible with a lens, hairless or midrib pubescent. Inflorescence terminal and axillary, few-several-flowered. Flowers white, up to c. 2 cm in diameter with a tube 7.5 - 9 mm long, often pinkish or yellow inside, scented. Fruits spherical, up to 10 cm in diameter, green, edible.
Notes: Note: Despite differences in size and venation of the leaves, this species is very similar to L. kirkii and both species are very difficult to distinguish when not in flower. Flowers of L. kirkii are smaller with a shorter tube. Both species are found in similar habitats.
Derivation of specific name: buchananii: after Rev. John Buchanan (1821-1903), a Presbyterian clergyman and plant collector.
Habitat: In riverine and montane evergreen forest and high-rainfall Brachystegia woodland.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Liane.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Nephele argentifera (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 24 December 2005

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 43.


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Other sources of information about Landolphia buchananii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Landolphia buchananii
Flora of Mozambique: Landolphia buchananii
Flora of Zambia: Landolphia buchananii

External websites:

African Plant Database: Landolphia buchananii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Landolphia buchananii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Landolphia buchananii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Landolphia buchananii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Landolphia buchananii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Landolphia buchananii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Landolphia buchananii
Ispot Southern Africa : Landolphia buchananii
JSTOR Plant Science: Landolphia buchananii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Landolphia buchananii
Tropicos: Landolphia buchananii
West African Plants database: Landolphia buchananii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Landolphia buchananii., retrieved 25 May 2016

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