Landolphia kirkii Dyer ex Hook. f.

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Landolphia kirkii

Photo: Bart Wursten
"Forest Edge", private property near Bunga Forest, Vumba.

Landolphia kirkii

Photo: Bart Wursten
"Forest Edge", private property near Bunga Forest, Vumba.

Landolphia kirkii

Photo: Bart Wursten
"Forest Edge", private property near Bunga Forest, Vumba.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Landolphia delagoensis (Dewèvre) Pierre
Vahea kirkii (Dyer ex Hook. f.) Sadeb.
Common names: Mukanga (Shona) Muungu (Shona) Rubber vine (English) Runyangarwapene (Shona) Sand apricot-vine (English)
Status: Native
Straggling shrub or liane with numerous strong tendrils formed by the inflorescence branches. Leaves oblong to narrowly ovate, up to c. 9 cm long, glossy green above, midrib channeled, 10 to 12 pairs of lateral veins and net-veining slightly raised above, midrib pubescent below. Inflorescence terminal many-flowered. Flowers white or creamy-yellow, c. 1 cm in diameter with the tube 3.5 - 4 mm long, scented. Fruits spherical, up to 15 cm in diameter, green, edible.
Notes: Note: Despite differences in size and venation of the leaves, this species is very similar to L. buchananii and both species are very difficult to distinguish when not in flower. Flowers of L. buchananii are considerably larger with a longer pinkish tube. Both species are found in similar habitats.
Derivation of specific name: kirkii: named after Dr John Kirk, who accompanied David Livingstone on his Zambezi expedition of 1858
Habitat: In Brachystegia woodland, riverine and deciduous forest, and along the margins of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Liane.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Nephele argentifera (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 4 August 2009

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 26.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 411 - 412.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 43.


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Flora of Malawi: Landolphia kirkii
Flora of Mozambique: Landolphia kirkii
Flora of Zambia: Landolphia kirkii

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Landolphia kirkii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Landolphia kirkii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Landolphia kirkii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Landolphia kirkii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Landolphia kirkii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Landolphia kirkii
Ispot Southern Africa : Landolphia kirkii
JSTOR Plant Science: Landolphia kirkii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Landolphia kirkii
Tropicos: Landolphia kirkii
West African Plants database: Landolphia kirkii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Landolphia kirkii., retrieved 7 December 2016

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