Pleiocarpa pycnantha (K. Schum.) Stapf

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Synonyms: Hunteria pycnantha K. Schum.
Pleiocarpa swynnertonii S. Moore
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small to large tree. Bark smooth when young, becoming roughish and cracked, often flaking in older specimens; branchlets with lenticels, hairless; rubbery milky latex present. Leaves in whorls of 3, rarely 4, elliptic to oblanceolate, up to 13 × 5 cm, leathery, yellowish-green above, paler below, hairless, lateral veins parallel and looping to form a sub-marginal vein; margin entire,wavy; petiole short, winged by the decurrent leaf base. Flowers in axillary clusters on old and new wood, white, fading to creamy-yellow, strongly fragrant. Fruit in paired round mericarps, up to 2 cm in diameter, wrinkled, yellow-orange to red when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1100 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 26.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 269. As Pleiocarpa pycnantha pycnantha

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 432 - 434. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Pleiocarpa pycnantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Pleiocarpa pycnantha
Flora of Zambia: Pleiocarpa pycnantha

External websites:

African Plant Database: Pleiocarpa pycnantha
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Pleiocarpa pycnantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pleiocarpa pycnantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pleiocarpa pycnantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pleiocarpa pycnantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Pleiocarpa pycnantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pleiocarpa pycnantha
Ispot Southern Africa : Pleiocarpa pycnantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Pleiocarpa pycnantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pleiocarpa pycnantha
Tropicos: Pleiocarpa pycnantha
West African Plants database: Pleiocarpa pycnantha


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Pleiocarpa pycnantha.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145010, retrieved 26 September 2016

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