Verbena officinalis L.
subsp. africana R. Fern. & Verdc.

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Verbena officinalis subsp. africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, Harare.

Verbena officinalis subsp. africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, Harare.

Verbena officinalis subsp. africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Goldenstairs Road, Thornpark Estate

Verbena officinalis subsp. africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Goldenstairs Road, Thornpark Estate

Verbena officinalis subsp. africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Goldenstairs Road, Thornpark Estate

Verbena officinalis subsp. africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Goldenstairs Road, Thornpark Estate

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Verbena officinalis L. var. natalensis Krauss
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect perennial, rarely annual herb, 60-150 cm tall. Leaves up to 10 × 8 cm, ovate in outline, deeply pinnatifidly lobed, roughly hairy above, more softly hairy below; margin of the ultimate segments dentate. Leaves higher up the stems often linear lanceolate; margin sparsely toothed or subentire. Flowers in numerous terminal spikes, elongating up to 26 cm, most parts glandular hairy. Corolla lilac, mauve, magenta, purple, violet or blue, hairless. Fruits c. 2 mm long, 3-4-striate, minutely tuberculate.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Occurring in damp places in wooded grassland, vlei margins, roadsides and as a weed of old cultivation.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Ethiopia on the eastern side of tropical Africa to South Africa as far as KwaZulu-Natal. Possibly also elsewhere in Africa. Also in Nepal and Taiwan.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Fernandes, R. (2005). Verbenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 13 - 15. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Verbena officinalis subsp. africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Verbena officinalis subsp. africana

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Verbena officinalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Verbena officinalis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Verbena officinalis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Verbena officinalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Verbena officinalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Verbena officinalis
Ispot Southern Africa : Verbena officinalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Verbena officinalis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Verbena officinalis
Tropicos: Verbena officinalis
West African Plants database: Verbena officinalis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Verbena officinalis subsp. africana.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148600, retrieved 28 September 2016

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