Verbena officinalis L.
subsp. africana R. Fern. & Verdc.

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Verbena officinalis subsp. africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, Harare.

Verbena officinalis subsp. africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, Harare.

Verbena officinalis subsp. africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Goldenstairs Road, Thornpark Estate

Verbena officinalis subsp. africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Goldenstairs Road, Thornpark Estate

Verbena officinalis subsp. africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Goldenstairs Road, Thornpark Estate

Verbena officinalis subsp. africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Goldenstairs Road, Thornpark Estate

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Verbena officinalis L. var. natalensis Krauss
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect perennial, rarely annual herb, 60-150 cm tall. Leaves up to 10 × 8 cm, ovate in outline, deeply pinnatifidly lobed, roughly hairy above, more softly hairy below; margin of the ultimate segments dentate. Leaves higher up the stems often linear lanceolate; margin sparsely toothed or subentire. Flowers in numerous terminal spikes, elongating up to 26 cm, most parts glandular hairy. Corolla lilac, mauve, magenta, purple, violet or blue, hairless. Fruits c. 2 mm long, 3-4-striate, minutely tuberculate.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Occurring in damp places in wooded grassland, vlei margins, roadsides and as a weed of old cultivation.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Ethiopia on the eastern side of tropical Africa to South Africa as far as KwaZulu-Natal. Possibly also elsewhere in Africa. Also in Nepal and Taiwan.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Fernandes, R. (2005). Verbenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 13 - 15. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 82.

Maroyi, A. (2006). Preliminary checklist of introduced and naturalized plants in Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(2) Page 246.


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Other sources of information about Verbena officinalis subsp. africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Verbena officinalis subsp. africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Verbena officinalis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Verbena officinalis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Verbena officinalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Verbena officinalis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Verbena officinalis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Verbena officinalis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Verbena officinalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Verbena officinalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Verbena officinalis
Ispot Southern Africa: Verbena officinalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Verbena officinalis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Verbena officinalis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Verbena officinalis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Verbena officinalis
Tropicos: Verbena officinalis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Verbena officinalis subsp. africana.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148600, retrieved 18 November 2017

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