Solanum anguivi Lam.

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Solanum anguivi

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Solanum anguivi

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Solanum anguivi

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Solanum anguivi

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Solanum carvalhoi Dammer
Solanum dichroanthum Dammer
Solanum indicum sensu auctt.
Common names: Forest bitterberry (English) Munhomboro (Shona) Munhundurwa (Shona)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect woody herb or shrub, up to c. 4 m tall. Stems and leaves armed with straight or somewhat curved spines, yellowish to brownish, sometimes purple near the base, up to 13 mm long, branches often purple tinged. All parts covered in stellate hairs. Leaves rhombic-ovate, elliptic or lanceolate, thinly stellate hairy above, densely so below. The central ray of the stellate hairs often much longer than the lateral rays. Leaf margin subentire to triangularly lobed. Prickles usually present on the midrib and main veins. Flowers in up to 20-flowered racemose heads. Corolla pale mauve or purple to almost whitish, star-shaped. Fruits 6-12 mm in diameter, spherical, green, turning yellow and glossy orange-red when ripe. Edible when mature.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: anguivi: slender and curved, referring to the prickles
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats, sometimes as a weed of disturbed or cultivated places.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2380 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and South Africa as far as the KwaZulu-Natal. Also in the Arabian Peninsula, Aldabra, Comoro, Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 June 2008
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 272.

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 93 - 97.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 178.


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Other sources of information about Solanum anguivi:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Solanum anguivi
Flora of Mozambique: Solanum anguivi
Flora of Zambia: Solanum anguivi

External websites:

African Plant Database: Solanum anguivi
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Solanum anguivi
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Solanum anguivi
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Solanum anguivi
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Solanum anguivi
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Solanum anguivi
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanum anguivi
Ispot Southern Africa : Solanum anguivi
JSTOR Plant Science: Solanum anguivi
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Solanum anguivi
Tropicos: Solanum anguivi
West African Plants database: Solanum anguivi


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Solanum anguivi.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150600, retrieved 25 September 2016

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