Solanum terminale Forssk.

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Solanum terminale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Solanum terminale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Solanum terminale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Old Forest Edge (near Bunga Forest), Vumba

Solanum terminale

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Synonyms: Solanum bifurcum Hochst.
Solanum plousianthemum Dammer
Solanum rhodesianum Dammer
Solanum terminale Forssk. subsp. sanaganum (Bitter) Heine
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Creeper or climber to 3(-7) m. Leaves elliptic, 7(-11) × 3(-6) cm, sparsely pubescent to hairless; base rounded, decurrent on the petiole; apex acuminate; margin entire; petiole 1-2 cm. Flowers composed of 3-5 pedunculate umbels arranged in a dense terminal inflorescence. Pedicels 1-2 cm, thickened below the flower. Calyx lobes 5. Petals 7-10 mm, white, mauve, purple or blue; anthers yellow. Flowers 15-20 mm in diameter. Fruit 6-10 mm in diameter, spherical, red when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: terminale: borne at the apex of the stem (terminal), referring to the inflorescence.
Habitat: On granite hills or in montane forest and on forest edges
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout Africa from Guinea eastwards to Ethiopia and south to South Africa; also Yemen and the Comoro Islands
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s): Climber, liane.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 22 February 2014
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 126 - 127. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 273. As Solanum terminale sanaganum

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 77 - 78.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 178.


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Other sources of information about Solanum terminale:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Solanum terminale
Flora of Mozambique: Solanum terminale
Flora of Zambia: Solanum terminale

External websites:

African Plant Database: Solanum terminale
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Solanum terminale
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Solanum terminale
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Solanum terminale
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Solanum terminale
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Solanum terminale
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanum terminale
Ispot Southern Africa : Solanum terminale
JSTOR Plant Science: Solanum terminale
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Solanum terminale
Tropicos: Solanum terminale
West African Plants database: Solanum terminale


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Solanum terminale.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150740, retrieved 29 August 2016

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