Breonadia salicina (Vahl) Hepper & J.R.I. Wood

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Breonadia salicina

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamakari River Bridge, Burma Valley

Breonadia salicina

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamakari River Bridge, Burma Valley

Breonadia salicina

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Umvumvumvu R Br. by Mutare to Birchenough Br. rd

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Adina microcephala Delile
Breonadia microcephala (Delile) Ridsdale
Nauclea microcephala Delile
Common names: Matumi (English) Rhodesian redwood (English)
Frequency: Locally common in suitable habitats
Status: Native
Description:
Medium to large evergreen tree. Leaves in whorls of 3 to 5 near the ends of branches, lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, leathery, dark green with the midrib yellow, raised conspicuously. Flowers in small axillary spherical heads of numerous minute, yellowish flowers. Fruits a small ball of capsules.
Notes: Superficially similar, in leaf, to Rauvolfia caffra, which often also grows along low altitude rivers. However, Rauvolfia has milky latex which Breonadia does not.

The very interesting record by Alistair Hull of the species from the Zambian side of the Zambezi valley is discussed in this note.
Derivation of specific name: salicina: willow-like, resembling a Salix
Habitat: In low-altitude riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1110 m
Flowering time:Nov - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and sub-tropical Africa, Yemen and Madagascar; Cameroon, Mali, South Sudan to South Africa, Swaziland and Angola.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 26 December 2009
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 416 - 418. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 381 - 384. as Adina microcephala (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 274. As Adina microcephala

Fanshawe, D.B. (). District vegetation reports Division of Forest Research, Kitwe (roneo).

Fanshawe, D.B. (1971). The Vegetation of Zambia. Division of Forest Research, Kitwe.

Fowler, D.G. (2007). Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 160.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press.

White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa. A descriptive memoir. UNESCO, Paris


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Other sources of information about Breonadia salicina:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Breonadia salicina
Flora of Mozambique: Breonadia salicina
Flora of Zambia: Breonadia salicina

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Breonadia salicina
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Breonadia salicina
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Breonadia salicina
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Breonadia salicina
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Breonadia salicina
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Breonadia salicina
Ispot Southern Africa : Breonadia salicina
JSTOR Plant Science: Breonadia salicina
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Breonadia salicina
Tropicos: Breonadia salicina
West African Plants database: Breonadia salicina


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Breonadia salicina.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155150, retrieved 25 July 2016

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