Acacia schweinfurthii Brenan & Exell

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Acacia schweinfurthii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Main Camp, Lake Chivero Recreational Park

Acacia schweinfurthii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Umvumvumvu R Br. by Mutare to Birchenough Br. rd

Acacia schweinfurthii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Main Camp, Lake Chivero Recreational Park

Acacia schweinfurthii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr upper dam, Hillside Dams, Bulawayo

Acacia schweinfurthii

Photo: Mark Hyde
Pokoteke Gorge

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Senegalia schweinfurthii (Brenan & Exell) Seigler & Ebinger
Common names: Chinanga (Shona) Gado (Shona) Kandare (Shona) Munanga (Shona) River climbing acacia (English) Rukato (Shona) Uthathawe (Ndebele)
Description: Liane or scandent shrub, forming thickets or climbing into large trees. Thorns not paired but scattered along the stems, small and slightly curved. The leaves are large, up to 20 cm × 8 cm, with 8 to 15 pairs of pinnae and a distinct gland just above the base of the petiole. The main rhachis often has thorn on the underside. Inflorescences terminal or axillary in panicles of white spherical flowers. The pods are large (up to 20 cm) and leathery, transversely marked and sometimes constricted between the seeds.
Notes: Both var. schweinfurthii and var. sericea Brenan & Exell are included under this species number.
Derivation of specific name: schweinfurthii: named after Dr Georg August Schweinfurth (1836-1925), German botanical collector and taxonomist.
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution:
Growth form(s):
Insects associated with this species: Charaxes zoolina zoolina (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Wednesday 19 October 2005

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 83 - 85. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 207. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 2. As Acacia schweinfurthii schweinfurthii

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 184.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 214. As Acacia schweinfurthii schweinfurthii and Acacia schweinfurthii sericea

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 241.

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 116 - 117. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44. As Acacia schweinfurthii schweinfurthii and Acacia schweinfurthii sericea

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 60.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 14. as Acacia pennata

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 114 - 115. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Acacia schweinfurthii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia schweinfurthii
Flora of Caprivi: Acacia schweinfurthii
Flora of Malawi: Acacia schweinfurthii
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia schweinfurthii
Flora of Zambia: Acacia schweinfurthii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acacia schweinfurthii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia schweinfurthii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia schweinfurthii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia schweinfurthii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia schweinfurthii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Acacia schweinfurthii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia schweinfurthii
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia schweinfurthii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia schweinfurthii
Plants of the World Online: Acacia schweinfurthii
Tropicos: Acacia schweinfurthii
Wikipedia: Acacia schweinfurthii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Acacia schweinfurthii., retrieved 18 May 2024

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