Millettia stuhlmannii Taub.

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Millettia stuhlmannii

Photo: Colin Wenham
Near Staff camp offices, Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Millettia stuhlmannii

Photo: Colin Wenham
Near Staff camp offices, Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Lonchocarpus mossambicensis Sim
Common names: Mutsara (Shona) Panga-panga (English)
Description: Large spreading tree up to c. 20 m. Bark smooth, yellow to greenish-grey. Leaves large with 7-9 pairs of opposite leaflets and a terminal leaflet; leaflets variable but mostly obovate-elliptic, c. 10 × 5 cm, pale green above, glaucous and finely white-hairy below; apex rounded, often notched. Flowers striking, large, lilac, in lax sprays up to 35 cm. Pod flat, woody, c. 25 cm, covered in golden-brown velvety hairs, dehiscent, split halves curling.
Notes: Sought after for its durable hardwood, known as panga-panga, large specimens of this species are rapidly disappearing.
Derivation of specific name: stuhlmannii: named after Franz Ernst Stuhlmann, one time Acting Governor of Tanganyika and an avid collector of plants
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Southern Tanzania, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects associated with this species:
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Image last updated: Monday 19 August 2019

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Pages 106 - 108. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 319. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 39.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 70.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 224.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 245.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 50.

Other sources of information about Millettia stuhlmannii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Millettia stuhlmannii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Millettia stuhlmannii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Millettia stuhlmannii
African Plant Database: Millettia stuhlmannii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Millettia stuhlmannii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Millettia stuhlmannii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Millettia stuhlmannii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Millettia stuhlmannii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Millettia stuhlmannii
JSTOR Plant Science: Millettia stuhlmannii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Millettia stuhlmannii
Plants of the World Online: Millettia stuhlmannii
Tropicos: Millettia stuhlmannii
Wikipedia: Millettia stuhlmannii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Millettia stuhlmannii., retrieved 22 June 2024

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