Mangifera indica L.

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Mangifera indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Mangifera indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Mangifera indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls

Mangifera indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Val D'Or

Mangifera indica

Photo: Mark Hyde
De Villiers Road, New Alexandra Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Mango (English) Mangueira (Portuguese)
Description: Medium to large tree. Leaves alternate, simple, glabrous, oblong-lanceolate with a prominent midrib. Inflorescence a large (up to 30 cm long) pyramidal panicle with male and female flowers in the same panicle; axis reddish, shortly hairy. Sepals 5, green with whitish margin. Petals 5, 3-5 mm long, whitish with the 3-7 nerves yellow or reddish. Stamens 1(-2), fertile; staminodes 3(-4), very short. Disk c. 2 mm tall, thick. Fruit a large fleshy drupe, variable in shape and size, yellow to red when ripe.
Notes: Very commonly cultivated in the tropics for its edible fruits but rarely found in Zimbabwe as an escape. The species is recorded as naturalised in the Eastern Division in Drummond (1975) and the specimen cited is Drummond 10209. Our records show a number of observations, mainly in the Eastern districts where the species is or is likely to be, naturalised.
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India
Flowering time:Jul - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Native of East tropical Asia
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects associated with this species: Gonimbrasia belina (Larval foodplant)
Daphnis nerii (Larval foodplant)
Eudocima materna (Larval foodplant)
Anthene definita definita (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Thursday 30 March 2006

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 479. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1966). Anacardiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Page 552.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 16.

Parker, T. (2023). Common Trees of Mozambique The Tree Press, Austin, Texas, USA Pages 24 - 25. (Includes a picture).

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 23.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 196.

Other sources of information about Mangifera indica:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Mangifera indica
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Mangifera indica
Flora of Malawi: Mangifera indica
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Mangifera indica
Flora of Mozambique: Mangifera indica
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Mangifera indica
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Mangifera indica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Mangifera indica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Mangifera indica
African Plant Database: Mangifera indica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Mangifera indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Mangifera indica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Mangifera indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Mangifera indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Mangifera indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Mangifera indica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Mangifera indica
Plants of the World Online: Mangifera indica
Tropicos: Mangifera indica
Wikipedia: Mangifera indica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Mangifera indica., retrieved 19 May 2024

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