Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.

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Kigelia africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Fern Valley Dam, Mutare

Kigelia africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Fern Valley Dam, Mutare

Kigelia africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Fern Valley Dam, Mutare

Kigelia africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Shenstone, Mt Hampden

Kigelia africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Sinamatella to Robins Camp, Hwange NP

Kigelia africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Mazowe River, between camp and weir, Hippo Pools

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Synonyms: Kigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC.
Common names: Mubveve (Shona) Musonya (Shona) Muvhumati (Shona) Sausage tree (English) Umvebe (Ndebele)
Description: Medium to large tree. Bark grey, smooth, usually flaking in larger specimens. Leaves opposite, crowded near the ends of branches, imparipinnate with three to 5 pairs of leaflets and a terminal leaflet. Leaflets oblong, leathery with rough hairs on both surfaces. Flowers large, dark maroon with yellow veining, in pendulous sprays up to 12-flowered. Fruit huge, sausage-shaped, up to 60 cm long and weighing up to 7 kg.
Notes: The flowers open at night, only one at the time, and are short-lived. Once one flower has been pollinated, the other buds in the same inflorescence will usually abort to avoid the simultaneous development of too many of the heavy fruits on the same peduncle.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and NE South Africa.
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Monday 16 September 2013

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 877. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 35.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 37 - 40. as Kigelia pinnata (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 601 - 603. (Includes a picture).

Diniz, M.A. (1988). Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Pages 83 - 85. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 273.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 154. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 30.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 136 - 138. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 40.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 75. as Kigelia pinnata

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 201.

Other sources of information about Kigelia africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Kigelia africana
Flora of Caprivi: Kigelia africana
Flora of Malawi: Kigelia africana
Flora of Mozambique: Kigelia africana
Flora of Zambia: Kigelia africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Kigelia africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Kigelia africana
African Plant Database: Kigelia africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Kigelia africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Kigelia africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Kigelia africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Kigelia africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Kigelia africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Kigelia africana
iNaturalist: Kigelia africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Kigelia africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Kigelia africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Kigelia africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Kigelia africana
Plants of the World Online: Kigelia africana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Kigelia africana
Tropicos: Kigelia africana
Wikipedia: Kigelia africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Kigelia africana., retrieved 26 September 2020

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