Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Bignoniaceae - Jacaranda family

Bailey, L.H. (1949) Manual of Cultivated Plants Revised edition. Macmillan, New York.

Diniz, M.A. (1988) Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3)

Description of the family

Climbers, trees or shrubs. Stipules absent, but pseudostipules sometimes present. Leaves opposite (rarely in whorls of 3), usually compound, namely 2-3-pinnate, imparipinnately 1-pinnate or 3-foliolate with the terminal leaflet sometimes a tendril or rarely simple. Inflorescences of terminal or axillary panicles or racemes, sometimes reduced to a fascicle or a solitary flower. Flowers zygomorphic, bisexual, often showy. Calyx gamosepalous, usually with 5 teeth or lobes, sometimes spathaceous. Corolla gamopetalous, 2-lipped or not, with a conspicuous tube and 5 lobes. Stamens usually 4, didynamous, with 1 staminode. Disk hypogynous, nectariferous. Ovary superior, usually 2-locular, less often 1-locular. Style 1, terminal. Fruit usually a dehiscent, often elongated, capsule, rarely fleshy and indehiscent (Kigelia). Seeds numerous, winged in species with capsules, without wings in those with indehiscent fruits.

Worldwide: 109 genera and 750 species, mainly tropical, especially South America.

Zimbabwe: 28 cultivated genera and 51 cultivated taxa.

Jacaranda mimosifolia

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Adenocalymma Mart. ex Meisn.
Amphilophium KunthDescription, Image
Anemopaegma Mart. ex Meisn.
Bignonia L.Description, Image
Campsis Lour.Description
Catalpa Scop.Description
Cybistax Mart. ex Meisn.
Delostoma D. Don
Dolichandra Cham.Description, Image
Fernandoa Welw. ex Seem.Description, Image
Handroanthus MattosDescription, Image
Jacaranda Juss.Description, Image
Kigelia DC.Description, Image
Mansoa DC.Description
Markhamia Seem. ex Baill.Description, Image
Oroxylum Vent.
Pandorea (Endl.) SpachDescription, Image
Parmentiera DC.Description, Image
Podranea SpragueDescription, Image
Pyrostegia C. PreslDescription, Image
Radermachera Zoll. & MoritziDescription
Spathodea P. Beauv.Description, Image
Stereospermum Cham.Description, Image
Tabebuia Gomes ex DC.Description, Image
Tanaecium Sw.
Tecoma Juss.Description, Image
Tecomanthe Baill.Description
Tecomaria (Endl.) SpachDescription

Other sources of information about Bignoniaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Bignoniaceae
Flora of Malawi: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Bignoniaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Bignoniaceae
Flora of Zambia: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Bignoniaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Bignoniaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bignoniaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bignoniaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bignoniaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bignoniaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bignoniaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bignoniaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Bignoniaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bignoniaceae
Wikipedia: Bignoniaceae
Plants of the World Online: Bignoniaceae
Tropicos: Bignoniaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Bignoniaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=33, retrieved 14 April 2024

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