8352.000 Canthium Lam.

Description of the genus

Shrubs or small trees, sometimes scrambling or climbing. Spines present in a few species. Leaves opposite, petiolate; domatia present or not. Flowers bisexual or unisexual, 4-5-merous, borne in pedunculate to subsessile few-many-flowered cymes. Calyx with linear to triangular lobes. Corolla white or yellowish; tube broadly cylindric; lobes reflexed or less often erect. Style exceeding the corolla tube, glabrous. Ovary 2(-3)-locular. Fruit a 2(-3)-seeded drupe, sometimes flattened; apex shallowly or deeply notched. Pyrenes ellipsoid to ovoid or obovoid, usually rugulose.

Worldwide: A poorly defined genus of c. 100 species in tropical Africa, South Africa, Madagascar and extending to Asia

Zimbabwe: 7 taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Jana eurymas (Banded monkey) Food plant
Canthium inerme

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
glaucum Hiern subsp. frangula (S. Moore) Bridson var. frangula N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
glaucum Hiern subsp. frangula (S. Moore) Bridson var. pubescens BridsonN,EDescription, Image
glaucum Hiern subsp. frangula (S. Moore) Bridson[Agg]N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
inerme (L.f.) KuntzeEDescription, Image
kuntzeanum BridsonEDescription
oligocarpum Hiern subsp. angustifolium Bridson[NrEnd][LR-nt]EDescription, Image
oligocarpum Hiern subsp. captum (Bullock) BridsonE

Other sources of information about Canthium:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Canthium
Flora of Caprivi: Canthium
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Canthium
Flora of Malawi: Canthium
Flora of Mozambique: Canthium
Flora of Zambia: Canthium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Canthium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Canthium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Canthium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Canthium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Canthium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Canthium
JSTOR Plant Science: Canthium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Canthium
Plants of the World Online: Canthium
Tropicos: Canthium
Wikipedia: Canthium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Canthium.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1400, retrieved 15 April 2024

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