Canthium oligocarpum Hiern
subsp. angustifolium Bridson

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Canthium oligocarpum subsp. angustifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
John Meikle Forestry Estate, Stapleford

Canthium oligocarpum subsp. angustifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
John Meikle Forestry Estate, Stapleford

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Synonyms: Canthium captum sensu Coates Palgrave
Common names: Chimanimani canthium (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Bark greyish, smooth; branches opposite, often with spines in 3's. Leaves opposite, along most of the branches, narrowly elliptic, up to c. 7.5 × 2.5 cm, hairless with paler lateral veins; domatia present. Flowers in 3-25-flowered heads, greenish-yellow. Fruit asymmetrically ovoid, up to 2.5 × 2 cm, 2-lobed, blackish.
Notes: Contrary to what is mentioned in most literature, this (sub)species is not restricted to the Chimanimani Mts but can be found in other parts of the Eastern Highlands as well as on Mt Gorongosa in Mozambique (Müller and Burrows, pers. comm., 2007).
Derivation of specific name: oligocarpum: with few fruits
angustifolium: with narrow leaves
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 1 February 2008

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 330 - 331.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 918. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 11. as Canthium oligocarpum

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 92.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 176.

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 145.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 71.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 98.

Other sources of information about Canthium oligocarpum subsp. angustifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Canthium oligocarpum subsp. angustifolium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Canthium oligocarpum
African Plant Database: Canthium oligocarpum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Canthium oligocarpum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Canthium oligocarpum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Canthium oligocarpum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Canthium oligocarpum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Canthium oligocarpum
JSTOR Plant Science: Canthium oligocarpum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Canthium oligocarpum
Plants of the World Online: Canthium oligocarpum
Tropicos: Canthium oligocarpum
Wikipedia: Canthium oligocarpum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Canthium oligocarpum subsp. angustifolium., retrieved 4 March 2024

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