G.406. Ctenium Panz.

Description of the genus

Perennials. Inflorescence a solitary raceme bearing pectinate spikelets on a semi-terete (crescent-shaped in section) rhachis. Spikelets several-flowered: 2 lowermost florets barren; 3rd fertile and the apical 1(-3) much reduced. Spikelets laterally flattened, sessile, alternate in 2 rows, disarticulating above the glumes but not between the florets. Glumes unequal; lower small with an awn-point; upper as long as and enclosing the florets, shortly awned from the apex and also bearing an oblique dorsal awn. Lemmas long-awned from the back or near the apex, conspicuously ciliate.

Worldwide: 17 species in tropical Africa, Madagascar and tropical America

Zimbabwe: 2 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
concinnum NeesN,C,EDescription
somalense (Chiov.) Chiov.C,EDescription

Other sources of information about Ctenium:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ctenium
Flora of Mozambique: Ctenium
Flora of Zambia: Ctenium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ctenium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ctenium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ctenium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ctenium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ctenium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ctenium
JSTOR Plant Science: Ctenium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ctenium
Plants of the World Online: Ctenium
Tropicos: Ctenium
Wikipedia: Ctenium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Ctenium.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=180, retrieved 24 September 2023

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