Ctenium somalense (Chiov.) Chiov.

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Synonyms: Ctenium concinnum var. minus Pilg.
Ctenium minus (Pilg.) Clayton
Ctenium nubicum var. somalense Chiov.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Caespitose perennial up to 100 cm tall; lowermost leaf sheaths breaking up into a dense mat of fibres; leaf laminas 9–30 cm × up to 2 mm, usually involute, rarely flat. Raceme 3–7(9) cm long, usually coiled into an arc or flat spiral, barbate at the base.Superior glume 4.4–7.2 mm long; lowermost lemma 1.7–2.6 mm long, oblong-elliptic, ciliate on the nerves and keel, glabrous to sparsely pubescent on the back, awned from just below the cuspidate apex; 2nd lemma 2.5–3 mm long, lanceolate, ciliate on the nerves and keel, glabrous to sparsely pubescent on the back, produced onto an oblong tongue 0.5–1 mm long above the insertion of the awn; fertile lemma 2.7–3.5 mm long, ovate, long-ciliate on the marginal nerves with hairs c. 2 mm long, glabrous on the back, with an awn 3.5–5 mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: On rocky hillsides and in sandy plateau grassland
Altitude range: (metres) 490 - 1400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Madagascar, east tropical Africa from the Sudan southwards to DRC, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 342. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 18.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 227 - 228. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.


Other sources of information about Ctenium somalense:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ctenium somalense
Flora of Zambia: Ctenium somalense

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ctenium somalense
African Plant Database: Ctenium somalense
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ctenium somalense
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ctenium somalense
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ctenium somalense
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ctenium somalense
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ctenium somalense
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ctenium somalense
iNaturalist: Ctenium somalense
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ctenium somalense
JSTOR Plant Science: Ctenium somalense
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ctenium somalense
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Ctenium somalense
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ctenium somalense
Plants of the World Online: Ctenium somalense
Tropicos: Ctenium somalense
Wikipedia: Ctenium somalense


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ctenium somalense.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105820, retrieved 20 October 2021

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