Ctenium concinnum Nees

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Common names:
Status: Native
Caespitose perennial up to 110 cm tall; lowermost leaf sheaths broad and stiffly chaffy (rather like wood shavings); leaf laminas 6–30 cm × up to 6 mm, flat or lightly involute.Raceme 7–21 cm long, straight or curved in a gentle arc or flat spiral, mostly barbate at the base.Superior glume 5–7.2 mm long; lowermost lemma (2.5)3–3.5 mm long, oblong-elliptic, ciliate on the nerves and keel, densely pubescent on the back, awned from below the obtusely cuspidate apex; 2nd lemma 3–3.5 mm long, lanceolate, ciliate on the nerves and keel, densely pubescent to pilose on the back, produced into a triangular tongue 0.3–0.5 mm long above the insertion of the awn; fertile lemma 3.3–4.2 mm long, ovate, long-ciliate on the marginal nerves with hairs 2–2.5 mm long, glabrous on the back, with an awn 4.5–5.5 mm long
Derivation of specific name: concinnum: neat, elegant
Habitat: In rocky areas in montane grassland, in dambo and swampy grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 18.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 228 - 229.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.

Other sources of information about Ctenium concinnum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Ctenium concinnum
Flora of Malawi: Ctenium concinnum
Flora of Mozambique: Ctenium concinnum
Flora of Zambia: Ctenium concinnum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ctenium concinnum
African Plant Database: Ctenium concinnum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ctenium concinnum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ctenium concinnum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ctenium concinnum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ctenium concinnum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ctenium concinnum
JSTOR Plant Science: Ctenium concinnum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ctenium concinnum
Plants of the World Online: Ctenium concinnum
Tropicos: Ctenium concinnum
Wikipedia: Ctenium concinnum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ctenium concinnum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105810, retrieved 22 May 2024

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