1026.000 Aloe L. - Aloe


Carter, S. (2001) Aloaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(3)

Fowler, D.G. (2007) Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing

Grace, O.M., Klopper, R.R., Smith, G.F., Crouch, N.R., Figueiredo, E., Rønsted, N., Van Wyk, A.E. (2013) A revised generic classification for Aloe (Xanthorrhoeaceae subfam. Asphodeloideae) Phytotaxa 76(1) 7-14

Harding, T.B.C. (1979) Aloes of the World: A Checklist, Index and Code as at December 1979. Excelsa 9

Reynolds, G.W. (1966) The Aloes of Tropical Africa and Madagascar. The Aloes Book Fund, Mbabane, Swaziland.

Williamson, G. (2002) Notes on Zambian Aloes Aloe 39(3&4) 83-91

Description of the genus

Succulent perennials, sometimes large and shrub-like, but not dichotomously branched trees or large shrubs. Leaves borne in rosettes or distichous, usually stiff, succulent, with hard-toothed or spiny margins, spotted or unspotted; dried leaves persistent or not. Inflorescence variously branched or simple. Flowers usually brightly coloured, actinomorphic, only rarely ± 2-lipped, variously shaped, with or without a pronounced constriction above a bulbous basal swelling. A well known genus of mainly winter-flowering species.

Derivation of name: Aloe is the Greek name for Aloe vera, one of the bitter aloes of medicine.

Worldwide: c.365 species, tropics and especially southern Africa, Madagascar, Arabia and Canary Isles.

Zimbabwe: 44 taxa.

Aloe cameronii var. bondana

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
aculeata Pole EvansW,C,E,SDescription, Image
aculeata × excelsa hybridS
aculeata × globuligemma hybridW?
aculeata × ortholopha hybridN
arborescens Mill.C,E,SDescription, Image
arborescens × inyangensis hybridE
arborescens × musapana hybridE
ballii Reynolds var. ballii [End][VU]EDescription
ballii Reynolds var. makurupiniensis Ellert[NrEnd][VU]EDescription, Image
barendii Klopper & Gideon F. Sm.W,C
cameronii Hemsl. var. cameronii N,C,E,SDescription, Image
cameronii Hemsl. var. bondana Reynolds[End]EDescription, Image
cameronii × christianii hybrid?
cameronii × greatheadii hybridC
carnea S. Carter[NrEnd]C,EDescription, Image
chabaudii Schönland var. chabaudii N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
christianii ReynoldsN,W,C,SDescription, Image
collina S. Carter[End][VU]EDescription, Image
cryptopoda BakerN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
excelsa A. Berger var. excelsa N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
globuligemma Pole EvansW,E,SDescription
greatheadii Schönland var. greatheadii N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
haroniensis T.A. McCoy, Plowes & O.J. BaptistaE
hazeliana Reynolds var. hazeliana [NrEnd][VU]EDescription, Image
hazeliana Reynolds var. howmanii (Reynolds) S. Carter[NrEnd][VU]EDescription, Image
inyangensis Christian var. inyangensis [End][LR-nt]EDescription, Image
inyangensis Christian var. kimberleyana S. Carter[NrEnd]EDescription, Image
littoralis BakerW,E,S
lutescens Groenew.[VU]SDescription, Image
munchii Christian[NrEnd][DD]C,EDescription, Image
musapana Reynolds[End][DD]EDescription
myriacantha (Haw.) Schult. & Schult. f.[VU]EDescription, Image
ortholopha Christian & Milne-Redh.[End][VU]NDescription, Image
perdita Ellert[NrEnd]EDescription
plowesii Reynolds[NrEnd][VU]EDescription, Image
pretoriensis Pole Evans[VU]C,E
rhodesiana Rendle[VU]EDescription, Image
spicata L.f.[VU]EDescription, Image
suffulta Reynolds[NrEnd][CR]E,S
swynnertonii Rendle[NrEnd]EDescription, Image
tauri L.C. Leach[End]SDescription, Image
welwitschii Klopper & Gideon F.Sm.
wildii (Reynolds) Reynolds[NrEnd][VU]EDescription, Image
zebrina BakerN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Aloe:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Aloe
Flora of Caprivi: Aloe
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Aloe
Flora of Malawi: Aloe
Flora of Mozambique: Aloe
Flora of Zambia: Aloe
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Aloe
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Aloe

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Aloe
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Aloe
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Aloe
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Aloe
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Aloe
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Aloe
JSTOR Plant Science: Aloe
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Aloe
Plants of the World Online: Aloe
Tropicos: Aloe
Wikipedia: Aloe

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Aloe.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=340, retrieved 9 December 2023

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