Encephalartos concinnus R.A. Dyer & I. Verd.

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Encephalartos concinnus

Photo: Mike Harvey
Mwenezi River Valley, Mberengwa CL

Encephalartos concinnus

Photo: Mike Harvey
Mwenezi River Valley, Mberengwa CL

Encephalartos concinnus

Photo: Mike Harvey
Mwenezi River Valley, Mberengwa CL

Encephalartos concinnus

Photo: Mike Harvey
Mwenezi River Valley, Mberengwa CL

Encephalartos concinnus

Photo: Mike Harvey
West Nicholson

Encephalartos concinnus

Photo: Mike Harvey
West Nicholson

Encephalartos concinnus

Photo: Mike Harvey
West Nicholson

Encephalartos concinnus

Photo: Mike Harvey
West Nicholson

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Runde cycad (English)
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Description:
Cycad with reclining or sometimes prostrate stems up to 2.5 m long and 35-45 cm wide, branching from the base. Leaves mostly oblong in outline, c. 150-200 cm long and 20-30 cm wide, rounded at the apex and gradually narrowing towards the base. Leaflets in c. 50 pairs, inserted 1-1.5 cm apart, gradually reduced to prickles at the base. Largest leaflets in the middle, ovate-lanceolate, 10-15 cm long and 2-2.3 cm wide, mostly straight to slightly curved near the top of the leaf, with 1-3 fine teeth on upper or both margins (rarely up to 7), apex sharply pointed. Male cones 1-4 per season, narrowly ovate to subcylindric, up to c. 50 cm tall and 7.5-10 cm wide, on a peduncle of 5-12 cm long. Scales numerous and closely set, narrowly oblong-cuneate, up to 4.5 cm long. Female cone green, c. 45 cm long and 20 cm wide on a yellowish obconic peduncle c. 8 cm long. Seeds red, somewhat angled, 3.5-3.75 cm long, with fleshy covering.
Notes: Occurring in the area of West Nicholson, where it was said to be abundant and producing cones in 1968. Only few mature specimens are now left. There are also smaller populations recorded in the Bubiana Conservancy and North of the Runde River. It is highly threatened by collectors.
Derivation of specific name: concinnus: well adjusted (L), referring to the neat and elegant appearance of the male cones.
Habitat: A species of dry woodland on granite kopjes.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe only
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status: Endangered
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 11 December 2006
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 84.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 231.

Dyer, R.A. & Verdoorn, I.C. (1969). Encephalartos manikensis and its near allies Kirkia 7(1) Pages 152 - 154. (Includes a picture).

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 170.

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 125.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 12.


Other sources of information about Encephalartos concinnus:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Encephalartos concinnus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Encephalartos concinnus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Encephalartos concinnus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Encephalartos concinnus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Encephalartos concinnus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Encephalartos concinnus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Encephalartos concinnus
iNaturalist: Encephalartos concinnus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Encephalartos concinnus
JSTOR Plant Science: Encephalartos concinnus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Encephalartos concinnus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Encephalartos concinnus
Plants of the World Online: Encephalartos concinnus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Encephalartos concinnus
Tropicos: Encephalartos concinnus
Wikipedia: Encephalartos concinnus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Encephalartos concinnus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=102940, retrieved 14 November 2019

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