Pinus patula Schltdl. & Cham.

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Pinus patula

Photo: Mark Hyde
World's View, Nyanga

Pinus patula

Photo: Mark Hyde
Ruzawi School, nr Marondera

Pinus patula

Photo: Mark Hyde
Ruzawi School, nr Marondera

Pinus patula

Photo: Mark Hyde
Ruzawi School, nr Marondera

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Hang-leaf pine (English) Patula pine (English)
Frequency: Very common in the E Highlands; sporadic in higher rainfall areas of division C
Status: Introduced
Tree, to 40 m. Leaves 15-22 cm, light green, in bundles of 3(-5), pendulous; basal sheath persistent. Female cones 7-10 cm, ovoid-conic, slightly curved, lateral, subsessile, in clusters of 2-5. Seeds 5 mm, triangular; wing 12-20 mm.
Notes: This species has become naturalised in many areas, particularly in the Eastern Highlands and is now an invasive pest along forest margins and in high rainfall woodland. Pines increase the acidity of the soil, which may seriously threaten the indigenous biodiversity.
Derivation of specific name: patula: spreading
Habitat: Woodland, scrub and grassland
Altitude range: (metres) 1420 - 2400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native of Mexico; well naturalised in southern Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Holocerina smilax (Larval food plant)
Ariathisa abyssinia (Larval food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 19 October 2005

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 46. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 40. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 90.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 231.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 12.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 84.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 80.

Other sources of information about Pinus patula:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pinus patula
Flora of Mozambique: Pinus patula
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Pinus patula

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pinus patula
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pinus patula
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pinus patula
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pinus patula
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pinus patula
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pinus patula
JSTOR Plant Science: Pinus patula
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pinus patula
Plants of the World Online: Pinus patula
Tropicos: Pinus patula
Wikipedia: Pinus patula

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Pinus patula., retrieved 30 May 2024

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