Aristida leucophaea Henrard

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Synonyms: Aristida eriophora Henrard
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial, 30-80 cm. high, caespitose. Culms erect, simple, or slightly branched from some of the upper nodes, densely greyish- or whitish-woolly, sometimes in the upper part less woolly or pubescent only, 5 — many-noded; nodes usually glabrous. Leaf-sheaths tight or lax, somewhat keeled, glabrous or minutely pubescent or more or less pilose. Ligule a ciliolate rim; auricles pubescent or barbate; collar glabrous or pubescent. Leaf-laminae up to 20 cm. long, with prominent or raised marginal nerves, scabrous and more or less pilose above, scaberulous or glabrous, smooth beneath, laminae of the lower leaves c. 3 mm. wide, flat, curled when old, those of the upper scarcely 1 mm. wide when expanded, convolute, setaceously acuminate. Panicle 5-15 cm. long, long-exserted, contracted and more or less interrupted, with scaberulous or minutely pubescent or more or less pilose axis and branches; branches single or 2-nate, angular, appressed, much branched, the lowermost 5-6 cm. long, naked at the base, with a shorter few-flowered branchlet at the base. Spikelets yellowish-green or brownish, sometimes tinged with purple. Glumes equal or slightly unequal, linear-lanceolate, usually scabridulous, sometimes slightly pilose, keeled, 1-nerved; the inferior 3.5-8 mm. long, scabrous on the keel, gradually tapering into an awn up to 3 mm. long, the superior 5-8 mm. long, sometimes nearly glabrous on the back, usually glabrous on the keel, 2-fid at the apex, with an awn c. 1 mm. long from the sinus. Lemma 5-6 mm. long, glabrous, smooth at the base, densely scaberulous towards the apex; callus c. 0.5 mm. long, obtuse, densely short-barbate; column up to 2·5 mm. long, slightly twisted, scabrous; awns unequal, suberect or slightly spreading; the central 1·1-1·6 mm. long, the lateral ones 9-11 mm. long; articulation absent.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: On sandy soils or schists in grassland, on grassy hills, in open woodland and on edges of vleis
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, not known elsewhere
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 4.

Launert, E. (1971). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(1) Pages 101 - 102.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 100.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.


Other sources of information about Aristida leucophaea:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Aristida leucophaea
Flora of Zambia: Aristida leucophaea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Aristida leucophaea
African Plant Database: Aristida leucophaea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Aristida leucophaea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Aristida leucophaea
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Aristida leucophaea
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Aristida leucophaea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Aristida leucophaea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Aristida leucophaea
iNaturalist: Aristida leucophaea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Aristida leucophaea
JSTOR Plant Science: Aristida leucophaea
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Aristida leucophaea
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Aristida leucophaea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Aristida leucophaea
Plants of the World Online: Aristida leucophaea
Tropicos: Aristida leucophaea
Wikipedia: Aristida leucophaea


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Aristida leucophaea.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=104230, retrieved 7 March 2021

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