G.299. Aristida L. - Bristle grasses

Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Spikelets 1-flowered, disarticulating above the glumes, in terminal, lax or contracted, panicles; glumes persistent, narrow, usually 1-nerved. Lemma narrow, with hard callus at base, with or without a beak or twisted column; articulation present or 0, usually visible as a transverse darker line on the body of the lemma, occurring at the apex of the lemma or at the apex of the column; awns 3 (1 central, 2 lateral) or rarely 1, glabrous.

Worldwide: c. 330 species in warm regions of the world

Zimbabwe: 33 taxa.

Aristida congesta

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
adscensionis L.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
aequiglumis Hack.C,SDescription
barbicollis Trin. & Rupr.N,W,C,E,SDescription
brainii Melderis[End][DD]WDescription
canescens HenrardN,W,C,E,SDescription
congesta Roem. & Schult.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
cumingiana Trin. & Rupr.N,CDescription
denudata Pilg.W,CDescription
diffusa Trin. subsp. burkei (Stapf) MelderisNDescription
diminuta (Mez) C.E. Hubb.N,C,SDescription
hispidula Henrard[End][DD]N,W,SDescription
hordeacea KunthN,W,C,SDescription
junciformis Trin. & Rupr. subsp. macilenta (Henrard) MelderisN,W,C,E,SDescription
junciformis Trin. & Rupr. subsp. welwitschii (Rendle) MelderisN,W,C,E,SDescription
leucophaea HenrardN,W,C,E,SDescription
meridionalis HenrardN,W,C,E,SDescription
mollissima Pilg. subsp. argentea (Schweick.) MelderisN,S
mollissima Pilg. subsp. mollissima N,W,C,S
pilgeri HenrardN,W,C,SDescription
recta Franch.N,C,EDescription, Image
rhiniochloa Hochst.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
scabrivalvis Hack. subsp. borumensis (Henrard) MelderisN,W,C,E,S
scabrivalvis Hack. subsp. contracta (De Winter) MelderisN,W,E
scabrivalvis Hack. subsp. scabrivalvis N,W,C,E,S
stipitata Hack. subsp. graciliflora (Pilg.) MelderisN,W,C,SDescription
stipitata Hack. subsp. Ints. between sspp. stipi W
stipitata Hack. subsp. ramifera (Pilg.) MelderisCDescription
stipitata Hack. subsp. robusta (Stent & J.M. Rattray) MelderisN,W,C,SDescription
stipitata Hack. subsp. spicata (De Winter) MelderisSDescription
stipitata Hack. subsp. stipitata W,C,SDescription
stipoides Lam.W,SDescription
transvaalensis HenrardE,S
vestita Thunb.N,W,C,E,SDescription

Other sources of information about Aristida:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Aristida
Flora of Caprivi: Aristida
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Aristida
Flora of Malawi: Aristida
Flora of Mozambique: Aristida
Flora of Zambia: Aristida

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Aristida
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Aristida
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Aristida
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Aristida
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Aristida
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Aristida
JSTOR Plant Science: Aristida
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Aristida
Plants of the World Online: Aristida
Tropicos: Aristida
Wikipedia: Aristida

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Aristida.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=150, retrieved 21 May 2024

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