Eragrostis latifolia Cope

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Common names:
Caespitose perennial without rhizomes or stolons; culms up to 70 cm tall, erect, unbranched, glabrous at the nodes, with an irregular annular glandular patch below the nodes; basal leaf sheaths glabrous, chartaceous, terete, eglandular, persistent; ligule a line of hairs; leaf laminas 5–6.5 cm × c. 5 mm, broadly linear, flat, subamplexicaul, with a pale cartilaginous margin.Panicle c. 16 cm long, oblong-elliptic, loose and open, the spikelets evenly distributed on pedicels 1–2.5 mm long, the primary branches several at a node but not obviously whorled, terminating in a fertile spikelet, thinly pilose in the axils, eglandular.Spikelets 5–6 × 1.1–1.3 mm, oblong, laterally compressed, 5–7-flowered, the florets disarticulating from below upwards, the rhachilla persistent; glumes unequal, keeled, narrowly lanceolate in profile, acute at the apex, the inferior 0.8–1.1 mm long, reaching to the middle of the adjacent lemma, the superior 1.3–1.5 mm long, reaching to between 1/3 and 1/2 the way along the adjacent lemma; lemmas c. 1.8 mm long, keeled, narrowly semi-ovate in profile (with straight keel and gibbous margins), membranous with distinct lateral nerves, appressed to the rhachilla, those in opposite rows scarcely imbricate, the rhachilla ± visible between them, olive-green, faintly scaberulous on the nerves and keel, acute at the apex; palea deciduous with or soon after the lemma, glabrous on the flanks, the keels slender, wingless, scaberulous; anthers not seen.Caryopsis c. 1.2 mm long, narrowly oblong-elliptic.
Derivation of specific name: latifolia: broad-leaved
Habitat: Habitat not specified
Altitude range: (metres) 1130 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Known only from the type, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 79 - 80.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 104.

Poilecot, P. (2007). Eragrostis species of Zimbabwe Éditions Quae,Versailles, France Pages 78 - 79. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eragrostis latifolia:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eragrostis latifolia
African Plant Database: Eragrostis latifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eragrostis latifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eragrostis latifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eragrostis latifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eragrostis latifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eragrostis latifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Eragrostis latifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eragrostis latifolia
Plants of the World Online: Eragrostis latifolia
Tropicos: Eragrostis latifolia
Wikipedia: Eragrostis latifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eragrostis latifolia., retrieved 13 April 2024

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