Neobolusia ciliata Summerh.

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Neobolusia ciliata

Photo: Bas Jongeling
Chimanimani Mts

Neobolusia ciliata

Photo: Bas Jongeling
Chimanimani Mts

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Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Slender terrestrial herb growin from a fusiform tuber c. 2 cm long. leaves normally 3, largest near the base, lanceolate, up to 6.5 cm long. Inflorescence laxly 3-10-flowered; bracts up to 12 × 5 mm. Sepals greenish to straw-coloured, purple-veined. Petals pale green, often with a pale purple rim and slightly ciliate margins. Lip deep glossy purple, paler or greenish at the tip, up to 13.5 mm long, 3-lobed in the basal half, ciliate along the margin.
Notes: Although the actual type specimen is said to be from near Rusape, Makoni District (Eyles 8385, K,SRGH)and it also has been recorded once from the Vumba Mts (Ball, 2009), this species appears to be otherwise restricted to the Chimanimani Mts of Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Derivation of specific name: ciliata: fringed with hairs; ciliate
Habitat: Montane grassland and plateau grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1540 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Eastern Zimbabwe and adjacent areas in Mozambique (see note)
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 6 August 2022

Ball, J.S. (2009). Terrestrial African Orchids, A Selected Review. Pages 222 - 223. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 40.

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 78.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 67.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 167.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 84.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 28 - 30. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 129.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 97.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 389.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1956). African orchids XXIII Kew Bulletin 11(2) Page 217. Protologue

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 84.

Other sources of information about Neobolusia ciliata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Neobolusia ciliata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Neobolusia ciliata
African Plant Database: Neobolusia ciliata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Neobolusia ciliata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Neobolusia ciliata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Neobolusia ciliata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Neobolusia ciliata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Neobolusia ciliata
JSTOR Plant Science: Neobolusia ciliata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Neobolusia ciliata
Plants of the World Online: Neobolusia ciliata
Tropicos: Neobolusia ciliata
Wikipedia: Neobolusia ciliata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Neobolusia ciliata., retrieved 18 June 2024

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