Bonatea antennifera Rolfe

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Synonyms: Bonatea speciosa (L. f.) Willd. var. antennifera (Rolfe) Sommerville
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Robust terrestrial herb 45–70 cm tall. Leaves along stem, ovate 7.5–9.5 cm long, lowest 2 more or less sheathing, usually withering at flowering time. Inflorescence densely many-flowered; bracts ovate, 3–3.5 cm long. Flowers green and white. Dorsal sepal ovate, 16–18 mm long, very convex; lateral sepals obliquely ovate, 18–24 mm long, rolled along the length. Petals 2-lobed; upper lobe narrowly linear, 16–18 mm long, lower lobe narrowly linear, 20–25 mm long. Lip 3-lobed; mid-lobe filiform, 24–35 mm long; side lobes filiform 18–30 mm long. Spur 3–5 cm long, slender, swollen at apex. Stigmatic arms 15–20 mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Woodland, often in drier areas.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Aug - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Lesotho and Northern Cape, Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 54. As Bonatea speciosa var. antennifera

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 78.

Johnson, S., Bytebier, B, & Stärker H. (2015). Orchids of South Africa, a Field Guide Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 58. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 45.

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Pages 137 - 138. as Bonatea speciosa var. antennifera

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 94.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 140 - 141. (Includes a picture).

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 390.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 126.


Other sources of information about Bonatea antennifera:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Bonatea antennifera
Flora of Mozambique: Bonatea antennifera

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bonatea antennifera
African Plant Database: Bonatea antennifera
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bonatea antennifera
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bonatea antennifera
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Bonatea antennifera
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Bonatea antennifera
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bonatea antennifera
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Bonatea antennifera
iNaturalist: Bonatea antennifera
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bonatea antennifera
JSTOR Plant Science: Bonatea antennifera
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Bonatea antennifera
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Bonatea antennifera
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bonatea antennifera
Plants of the World Online: Bonatea antennifera
The Plant List (version 1.1): Bonatea antennifera
Tropicos: Bonatea antennifera
Wikipedia: Bonatea antennifera


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Bonatea antennifera.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116490, retrieved 18 November 2019

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