Bonatea cassidea Sond.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Slender herb, 25–50 cm tall. Leaves 10–12, along the stem, sometimes starting to wither at flowering time, linear-lanceolate, 10–40 cm long, slightly falcate. Inflorescence 5–20 cm long, several-many-flowered; bracts ovate, 2–3 cm long. Flowers green, the lower petal lobes and lateral lobes of the lip white. Dorsal sepal erect, ovate, very convex; lateral sepals obliquely ovate, 8.5–11 mm long more or less rolled lengthwise. Petals 2-lobed; upper lobe linear, 10–20 mm long, held against the dorsal sepal; lower lobe obovate or semi-orbicular from a narrow base, 9.5–15 mm long, spreading. Lip 3-lobed, with claw c. 8 mm long. Mid-lobe linear, 7–10 mm long; side lobes similar to lower petal lobes. Stigmatic arms 7–9 mm long.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In shade among boulders.
Altitude range: (metres) 1200 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe and KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Ball, J.S. (2009). Terrestrial African Orchids, A Selected Review. Pages 6 - 7. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 9.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 54.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 78.

Johnson, S., Bytebier, B, & Stärker H. (2015). Orchids of South Africa, a Field Guide Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 60. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 46.

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Page 141. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 94.

Other sources of information about Bonatea cassidea:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bonatea cassidea
African Plant Database: Bonatea cassidea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bonatea cassidea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bonatea cassidea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bonatea cassidea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bonatea cassidea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bonatea cassidea
JSTOR Plant Science: Bonatea cassidea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bonatea cassidea
Plants of the World Online: Bonatea cassidea
Tropicos: Bonatea cassidea
Wikipedia: Bonatea cassidea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Bonatea cassidea., retrieved 16 April 2024

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