Oligophyton drummondii H.P. Linder & G. Will.

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Synonyms: Benthamia drummondii (H.P. Linder & G. Will.) Szlach. & Rutk.
Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
A terrestrial herb 10–25 cm tall. Leaves 2–6 in a basal rosette, narrowly elliptic to ovate, 1–4.5 cm long, narrowed at the base into a pale sheathing petiole; leaves along the stem 3–5, lanceolate, 0.5–2 cm long. Inflorescence laxly 8–25-flowered; rhachis 2–11 cm long; bracts half as long as the ovary, green to somewhat straw-coloured. Flowers small, 1.5–2 mm long, yellow with green sepals, more or less resupinate; ovary 3–7 mm long. Sepals and petals not spreading. Petals more or less enclosed by the sepals, slightly shorter and broader than the sepals. Lip enclosed 1–1.5 mm long, 3-lobed; side lobes curved up either side of the column; spur straight or curved, subconical, 0.5–1.2 mm long.
Notes: A small, inconspicuous terrestrial, confined to sandy, quartzite soils in the Chimanimani mountains. So far it has only been recorded from the Zimbabwe side of the mountains but it is likely to occur on the Mozambique side as well.
Derivation of specific name: drummondii: named after R. B. 'Bob' Drummond (1924-2008 ) , former curator of the National Herbarium in Harare (SRGH), who collected the type specimen.
Habitat: Sandy, quartzite soils
Altitude range: (metres) Above 1500 m
Flowering time:Sep
Worldwide distribution: Chimanimani Mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 30 March 2007

Ball, J.S. (2009). Terrestrial African Orchids, A Selected Review. Pages 4 - 5. as Benthamia drummondii (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 41. As Oligophyton drummondii

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 78.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 68.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 167.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 57 - 58. (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. & Williamson, G. (1986). Notes on the Orchids of Southern Tropical Africa, II. Oligophyton drummondii, gen. et sp. nov. Kew Bulletin 41(2) Pages 313 - 317. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 129.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 97.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 84.

Other sources of information about Oligophyton drummondii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Oligophyton drummondii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Oligophyton drummondii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Oligophyton drummondii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Oligophyton drummondii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Oligophyton drummondii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Oligophyton drummondii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Oligophyton drummondii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Oligophyton drummondii
iNaturalist: Oligophyton drummondii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Oligophyton drummondii
JSTOR Plant Science: Oligophyton drummondii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Oligophyton drummondii
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Oligophyton drummondii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Oligophyton drummondii
Plants of the World Online: Oligophyton drummondii
Tropicos: Oligophyton drummondii
Wikipedia: Oligophyton drummondii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Oligophyton drummondii.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116600, retrieved 25 October 2021

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