Disa zimbabweensis H.P. Linder

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Disa zimbabweensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Nyangani, Nyanga

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Synonyms: Disa rungweensis Schltr. subsp. rhodesiaca (Summerh.) Summerh.
Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Slender terrestrial herb. Leaves semi-erect, 4 to 8 cm, mostly near the base, sheathing higher along the stem. Inflorescence dense, many-flowered with bracts overtopping the flowers. Flowers pale pink to purple, petals and sepals almost circular; spur erect, sharply curved upwards with a blunt tip; lip up to 2.5 mm, rounded.
Notes: Although previously claimed as recorded from South Africa, these records probably concern specimens of D. rungweensis, a closely related species (McMurtry et al., 2008). This would mean that D. zimbabweensis is a near-endemic.
Derivation of specific name: zimbabweensis: of Zimbabwe
Habitat: Montane grassland, usually in rocky areas
Altitude range: (metres) Above 1800 m
Flowering time:Jan - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Border highlands of Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Somewhat doubtfully recorded from South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status: Near Endemic?
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 22.

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 77.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 57.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 80. As Disa rungweensis subsp. rhodesiaca

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 188.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 206 - 207. shown under Disa rungweensis (Includes a picture).

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 390. as Disa rungweensis subsp. rhodesiaca

Summerhayes, V.S. (1964). African orchids XXIX Kew Bulletin 17(3) Page 551. As Disa rungweensis subsp. rhodesiaca

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 84.

Other sources of information about Disa zimbabweensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Disa zimbabweensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Disa zimbabweensis
African Plant Database: Disa zimbabweensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Disa zimbabweensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Disa zimbabweensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Disa zimbabweensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Disa zimbabweensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Disa zimbabweensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Disa zimbabweensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Disa zimbabweensis
Plants of the World Online: Disa zimbabweensis
Tropicos: Disa zimbabweensis
Wikipedia: Disa zimbabweensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Disa zimbabweensis.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117460, retrieved 19 April 2024

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