Nervilia stolziana Schltr.

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Nervilia stolziana

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Mafinga Mountains, Mafinga District, Muchinga Province

Nervilia stolziana

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Mafinga Mountains, Mafinga District, Muchinga Province

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Synonyms: Nervilia fuerstenbergiana sensu Williamson in Orch. S. Centr. Africa: 145 (1977), non Schltr.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Erect terrestrial herb 2.7–13.5 cm tall, glabrous except for leaf, lip and subterranean parts. Tuber 6–9 mm in diameter, subspherical or ovoid, 3–4-noded. Leaf solitary, appearing after flowering, prostrate, 1.4–3.0(3.9) × 2.0–3.5(4.2) cm, reniform to orbicular, obtuse, covered with short stiff hairs on the upper surface and often with a silvery reticulate pattern, usually purple beneath; veins(5)7–11; petiole 5–7 mm long, sulcate with 1–2 sheathing cataphylls. Scape erect, terete, 1-flowered, with 2–3 sheathing cataphylls, lengthening to 16–23 cm when fruiting. Flowers ± horizontal; bracts 0.5–3 mm long. Sepals and petals spreading, closing again after about 8 hours anthesis or after pollination, subequal, linear-lanceolate, acute, reddish-green; lateral sepals slightly oblique, 12–16 × 2 mm; petals slightly shorter, to 14 mm long. Lip 14–23(including spur) × 8–12.5 mm, elliptic to elliptic-cuneate, spurred, lilac, mauve or red with white markings and yellow centre, with numerous long papillae on inner surface; veins with several anostomoses; spur straight, short, often slightly bifid, 3–4.2 × 2.6 mm. Column almost straight, 6–7 mm long, clavate, glabrous; pollinia yellow, c. 2.5 mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: stolzii: after Adolf Ferdinand Stolz (1871-1917), German missionary, merchant and plant collector in Angola and Malawi, particularly of orchids.
Habitat:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC (Katanga), Zambia, Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 331.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 40.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 68.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 84.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 253 - 254. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 166. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 97.

Petterson, B. (1990). Nordic Journal of Botany 9 Page 496.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 123.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 138.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 142 - 143. Also as Nervilia fuerstenbergiana (Includes a picture).


Other sources of information about Nervilia stolziana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Nervilia stolziana
Flora of Mozambique: Nervilia stolziana
Flora of Zambia: Nervilia stolziana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Nervilia stolziana
African Plant Database: Nervilia stolziana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Nervilia stolziana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Nervilia stolziana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Nervilia stolziana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Nervilia stolziana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Nervilia stolziana
JSTOR Plant Science: Nervilia stolziana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Nervilia stolziana
Plants of the World Online: Nervilia stolziana
Tropicos: Nervilia stolziana
Wikipedia: Nervilia stolziana


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Nervilia stolziana.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117990, retrieved 21 February 2024

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