Polystachya caespitifica Kraenzl. ex Engl.
subsp. hollandii (L. Bolus) P.J. Cribb & Podzorski

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Polystachya caespitifica subsp. hollandii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Higher forested slopes, Castle Beacon, Vumba

Polystachya caespitifica subsp. hollandii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Higher forested slopes, Castle Beacon, Vumba

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Synonyms: Polystachya hollandii L. Bolus
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Small epiphyte or occasional lithophyte, forming dense clumps. Pseudobulbs slender, narrowly cylindric, up to 5 cm tall, 1-leaved. Leaf up to 12 cm long grass-like, more or less terete, tubular in the basal part. Inflorescence arising from the leaf fold, several-flowered, much shorter than the leaf. Flowers c. 13 mm in diameter with spreading lateral sepals, white with mauve markings and a yellow spot in the throat and centre of the lip, delicately rose-scented.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Montane evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 1500 - 2300 m
Flowering time:March
Worldwide distribution: This subsp. is only known from Tanzania and Zimbabwe. Subsp. caespitifica and subsp. latilabris occur in Kenya and Tanzania.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 14 November 2011

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 160 - 161. as Polystachya hollandii (Includes a picture).

Cribb, P.J. (1984). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 354.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 85. As Polystachya hollandii

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 50.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 360 - 362.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 97.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 84.

Other sources of information about Polystachya caespitifica subsp. hollandii:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Polystachya caespitifica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Polystachya caespitifica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Polystachya caespitifica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Polystachya caespitifica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Polystachya caespitifica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Polystachya caespitifica
JSTOR Plant Science: Polystachya caespitifica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Polystachya caespitifica
Plants of the World Online: Polystachya caespitifica
Tropicos: Polystachya caespitifica
Wikipedia: Polystachya caespitifica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Polystachya caespitifica subsp. hollandii.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118290, retrieved 28 February 2024

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