Eulophia hians Spreng.
var. hians

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Eulophia hians var. hians

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

Eulophia hians var. hians

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

Eulophia hians var. hians

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

Eulophia hians var. hians

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eulophia clavicornis Lindl. var. clavicornis
Common names:
Frequency: Apparently rare.
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb, 25 - 75 cm tall. Leaves 5-6, linear, up to 75 cm long, just developing at time of flowering (in this variety). Inflorescence laxly few to many-flowered. Flowers somewhat drooping, not opening wide, often self-pollinating. Sepals deep plum-purple; petals pale lilac-blue. Lip 3-lobed with dark purple, spreading veins on the side lobes; mid lobe with a yellow crest of papillae. Spur not swollen, 4-7 mm long, slightly incurved.
Notes: See var. nutans and var. inaequalis for comparison.
It is easily distinguished from the other varieties by the deep purple flower colour, which is greenish-yellow to yellow or olive-green and white in those varieties.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In(sub) montane grassland, often after grass fires.
Altitude range: (metres) 1500 - 1640 m
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Eestern Zimbabwe, South Africa and Swaziland.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 15 December 2008
Literature:

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 81. As Eulophia clavicornis var. clavicornis

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 473 - 475.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Thomas, S. (1998). Note of nomenclature and typification of Eulophia Hians Spreng (Orchidaceae) Kew Bulletin 53(4) Pages 1005 - 1007.


Other sources of information about Eulophia hians var. hians:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia hians
African Plant Database: Eulophia hians
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia hians
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia hians
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eulophia hians
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eulophia hians
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia hians
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Eulophia hians
iNaturalist: Eulophia hians
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia hians
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia hians
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eulophia hians
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eulophia hians
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia hians
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia hians
The Plant List (version 1.1): Eulophia hians
Tropicos: Eulophia hians
Wikipedia: Eulophia hians


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eulophia hians var. hians.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=119230, retrieved 18 November 2019

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