Eulophia ovalis Lindl.
var. bainesii (Rolfe) P.J. Cribb & la Croix

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Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Val D'Or

Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Val D'Or

Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Val D'Or

Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Mt Selinda to Espungabera border post

Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Mt Selinda to Espungabera border post

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eulophia bainesii Rolfe
Eulophia complanata I. Verd.
Eulophia monticola sensu Williamson
Eulophia pretoriensis Bolus
Eulophia transvaalensis Schltr.
Common names:
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb, up to 90 cm; tubers forming a chain, connected by a rhizome. Leaves 4-7 forming a fan, linear, present at the time of flowering (image 1). Inflorescence laxly up to 10-flowered. Sepals spreading, greenish to purple-brown. Petals pale straw-yellow, flushed with purple or pink, lying flat over the lip giving the flowers a distinctly flattened appearance. Lip 3-lobed with the mid-lobe flat and broad, pale straw-yellow with bright yellow to orange papillae. Spur 1-6 mm, cylindric, often slightly bifid at the tip.
Notes: This is the common variety in Zimbabwe. E. ovalis var. ovalis, occurring mainly in South Africa, has been only recorded once in our region.
Derivation of specific name: ovalis: broadly elliptic, oval, referring to the shape of the mid-lobe of the lip;
bainesii: named after Thomas Baines, explorer and painter, who travelled with David Livingstone.
Habitat: A species of montane grassland and woodland, often on rocky hill sides.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 2135 m
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Eswatini, and Limpopo, North West, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Free State, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 5 February 2012

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 323. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 16.

Cribb, P.J. (1989). Orchidaceae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 448 - 449. (Includes a picture).

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 116 - 117. (Includes a picture).

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 60.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 81.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 472 - 474. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 308. (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Pages 368 - 370. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 322 - 323. as Eulophia bainesii (Includes a picture).

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Pages 45 - 46. as Eulophia complanata (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Page 244.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 122. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 168 - 169. (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 155 - 156. as Eulophia monticola (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii
Flora of Zambia: Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia ovalis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia ovalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia ovalis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia ovalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eulophia ovalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia ovalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia ovalis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia ovalis
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia ovalis
Tropicos: Eulophia ovalis
Wikipedia: Eulophia ovalis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii., retrieved 23 June 2024

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