Piper umbellatum L.

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Piper umbellatum

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Moribane Forest

Piper umbellatum

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Moribane Forest

Piper umbellatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Tava marsh, Moribane Forest

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Piper subpeltatum Willd.
Common names: Wild pepper (English)
Status: Native
A soft-wooded aromatic evergreen shrub, often straggling. Leaves very broadly ovate to almost round, up to 42 × 40 cm, 11-15-veined from a deeply cordate base, dark green above, much paler green below, mostly hairless on both surfaces, except for the base of the veins above, below and along the margins. Flowers in umbellate groups of 2-8 spikes, often on leafless axillary shoots, creamy-white. Fruit minute, less than 1 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: umbellatum: bearing flowers in umbels
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen and riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 400 - 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Pantropical.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Perennial, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 4 January 2009

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 129.

Diniz, M.A. (1996). Piperaceae of the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 16(1) Pages 70 - 71.

Diniz, M.A. (1997). Piperaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(2) Pages 25 - 26. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 233.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 67.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 144.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 433.

Other sources of information about Piper umbellatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Piper umbellatum
Flora of Malawi: Piper umbellatum
Flora of Mozambique: Piper umbellatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Piper umbellatum
African Plant Database: Piper umbellatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Piper umbellatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Piper umbellatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Piper umbellatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Piper umbellatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Piper umbellatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Piper umbellatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Piper umbellatum
Plants of the World Online: Piper umbellatum
Tropicos: Piper umbellatum
Wikipedia: Piper umbellatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Piper umbellatum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=119890, retrieved 22 May 2024

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