Celtis africana Burm. f.

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (4)

Celtis africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Celtis africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Celtis africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Edge of camp site, Chirinda Forest

Celtis africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near curio shop, Great Zimbabwe

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Celtis kraussiana Bernh.
Celtis rhamnifolia C. Presl
Common names: Common celtis (English) Kamutuna (Shona) Mugara (Shona) Muguru (Shona) Mukonachando (Shona) Musvutaderere (Shona) Umdlawuthu (Ndebele) White stinkwood (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Deciduous tree 5-15(-35) m. Bark smooth, pale grey. Spines 0. Stipules 3-8 mm, linear. Leaves: petiole 1-5 mm; lamina 5-10 × 2-6 cm, asymmetrical, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acuminate. Cymes axillary, with 3-many clustered male flowers; uppermost cymes with bisexual flowers. Ovary densely pubescent; styles 1.5-4 mm. Fruits 5-8 mm, yellow or orange, pubescent.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats, but often in rocky places and in riverine vegetation.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2000 m
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa from West Africa to Sudan and Arabia and southwards to Angola and the Cape Province of South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Charaxes cithaeron cithaeron (Food plant)
Libythea labdaca laius (Food plant)
Pseudobunaea tyrrhena (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 24 February 2007

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 279. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 66. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 12.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 7.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 126. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 14.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 18.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 233.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 14 - 15. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 81.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 109.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 3. as Celtis rhamnifolia

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 181.

Wilmot-Dear, C.M. (1991). Ulmaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 6 - 7.

Other sources of information about Celtis africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Celtis africana
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Celtis africana
Flora of Malawi: Celtis africana
Flora of Mozambique: Celtis africana
Flora of Zambia: Celtis africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Celtis africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Celtis africana
African Plant Database: Celtis africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Celtis africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Celtis africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Celtis africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Celtis africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Celtis africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Celtis africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Celtis africana
Plants of the World Online: Celtis africana
Tropicos: Celtis africana
Wikipedia: Celtis africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Celtis africana.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120060, retrieved 28 May 2024

Site software last modified: 26 March 2018 2:01pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use