Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.)Miq.

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Ficus abutilifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lake Chivero, nr Bushman's Point

Ficus abutilifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lake Chivero, nr Bushman's Point

Ficus abutilifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lake Chivero, nr Bushman's Point

Ficus abutilifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
By dam at Nduna Lodge, Malilangwe Wildlif Reserve.

Ficus abutilifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mandavu Dam picnic area, Hwange NP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus picta Sim
Ficus soldanella Warb.
Common names: Large-leaved rock fig (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Bark smooth and creamy-white, the trunk twisted and branching low; leaves alternate, hairless, leathery, almost circular, veins yellow-green conspicuous. The figs are borne singly or in small groups, axillary or on bare branches, green with cream spots, turning red when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: abutilifolia: with leaves like an Abutilon
Habitat: In rocky areas of bushveld and woodland. It typically scrambles over rocks, growing from cracks and crevices, eventually splitting the rocks.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1360 m
Flowering time:Aug - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Eswatini, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, lithophyte, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Elisabethiella comptoni (Fig pollinator)
Nigeriella fusciceps (Wasp pollinator)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 5 April 2006

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 62 - 63.

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 129 - 132. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 212. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 82. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 137.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus soldanella

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 88.

Other sources of information about Ficus abutilifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ficus abutilifolia
Flora of Malawi: Ficus abutilifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus abutilifolia
Flora of Zambia: Ficus abutilifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus abutilifolia
African Plant Database: Ficus abutilifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus abutilifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus abutilifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus abutilifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ficus abutilifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus abutilifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus abutilifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus abutilifolia
Plants of the World Online: Ficus abutilifolia
Tropicos: Ficus abutilifolia
Wikipedia: Ficus abutilifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus abutilifolia., retrieved 25 June 2024

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