Ficus craterostoma Mildbr. & Burret

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Ficus craterostoma

Photo: Bart Wursten
Entrance road Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Ficus craterostoma

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus luteola De Wild.
Ficus pilusola De Wild.
Common names: Forest fig (English) Musvasvi (Shona) Mutsamvi (Shona) Rare forest fig (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized tree, often growing as a lithophyte or strangler. Leaves spirally arranged or distichous, sometimes subopposite, 3−8 × 2−4.5 cm, hairless, dark green above, paler beneath, obtriangular to subobovate, the apex often markedly truncate or even slightly bi-lobed. Midrib not reaching the apex of the lamina. Petiole grooved along the top. Figs initially enveloped by a bud cover up to c. 10 mm. long; mature figs c. 15 mm in diameter, in pairs in leaf axils, sessile, warty with reddish spots.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: craterostoma: from cratero-, bowl-shaped and -stoma, opening or mouth (Gr); probably referring to the relatively large aperture or ostiole in the figs.
Habitat: Along the margins of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2100 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Sierra Leone to Uganda, Tanzania and South to Angola and South Africa as far as Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Alfonsiella michalaudi (Pollinated by this insect)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 7 April 2007
Literature:

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 64 - 66.

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 187 - 191. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 90. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 141.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 95.


Other sources of information about Ficus craterostoma:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Ficus craterostoma
Flora of Zambia: Ficus craterostoma

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus craterostoma
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus craterostoma
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus craterostoma
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus craterostoma
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus craterostoma
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus craterostoma
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ficus craterostoma
iNaturalist: Ficus craterostoma
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus craterostoma
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus craterostoma
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus craterostoma
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus craterostoma
Plants of the World Online: Ficus craterostoma
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ficus craterostoma
Tropicos: Ficus craterostoma
Wikipedia: Ficus craterostoma


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus craterostoma.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120270, retrieved 16 September 2019

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