Ficus scassellatii Pamp.
subsp. scassellatii

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Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest off the Woodland Rd, Vumba (Rochester forest)

Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest off the Woodland Rd, Vumba (Rochester forest)

Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest off the Woodland Rd, Vumba (Rochester forest)

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus kirkii Hutch.
Common names: Crown-fruited fig (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Small to large evergreen tree. Bark fairly smooth, cream to pale brown, flaking in older specimens. Leaves very stiff and leathery, oblong-elliptic or somewhat obovate, 7-20 cm long, rather dull dark-green above, paler below, hairless; veins prominent and yellowish below with dense net-veining conspicuous; apex rounded with a short broad point; margin entire, often rolled under. Fruit singly or in pairs in the leaf axils, mostly spherical, 15-20 mm in diameter, ± hairless or minutely pubescent, normally with a few scattered tubercles and crowned with a prominent, nipple-like ostiole, green when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: scassellatii : after G. Scassellati-Sforzolini, Italian Botanist, who collected in Somalia between 1911 and 1929
Habitat: In submontane evergreen forest, normally starting as a hemi-epiphytic strangler.
Altitude range: (metres) 400 - 1950 m
Flowering time:Feb - Jun
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania (including Pemba Island), Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Recorded in three forests on the Zambian Nyika by Dowsett-Lemaire (1985).
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 25 February 2007

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 75 - 76. As Ficus scassellatii

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 142 - 144. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 215. as Ficus scassellatii

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 87. As Ficus scassellatii (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 148 - 149.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1985). The forest vegetation of the Nyika Plateau (Malawi-Zambia): ecological and phenological studies. Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. / Bull. Nat. Plantentuin Belg. 55 (3/4)

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 18. As Ficus kirkii

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus kirkii

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 166.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 124.

Other sources of information about Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii
Flora of Zambia: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus scassellatii
African Plant Database: Ficus scassellatii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus scassellatii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus scassellatii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus scassellatii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ficus scassellatii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus scassellatii
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus scassellatii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus scassellatii
Plants of the World Online: Ficus scassellatii
Tropicos: Ficus scassellatii
Wikipedia: Ficus scassellatii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii., retrieved 20 May 2024

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