Ficus scassellatii Pamp.
subsp. scassellatii

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Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest off the Woodland Rd, Vumba (Rochester forest)

Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest off the Woodland Rd, Vumba (Rochester forest)

Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest off the Woodland Rd, Vumba (Rochester forest)

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus kirkii Hutch.
Common names: Crown-fruited fig (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Small to large evergreen tree. Bark fairly smooth, cream to pale brown, flaking in older specimens. Leaves very stiff and leathery, oblong-elliptic or somewhat obovate, 7-20 cm long, rather dull dark-green above, paler below, hairless; veins prominent and yellowish below with dense net-veining conspicuous; apex rounded with a short broad point; margin entire, often rolled under. Fruit singly or in pairs in the leaf axils, mostly spherical, 15-20 mm in diameter, ± hairless or minutely pubescent, normally with a few scattered tubercles and crowned with a prominent, nipple-like ostiole, green when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: scassellatii : after G. Scassellati-Sforzolini, Italian Botanist, who collected in Somalia between 1911 and 1929
Habitat: In submontane evergreen forest, normally starting as a hemi-epiphytic strangler.
Altitude range: (metres) 400 - 1950 m
Flowering time:Feb - Jun
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania (including Pemba Island), Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Recorded in three forests on the Zambian Nyika by Dowsett-Lemaire (1985).
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 25 February 2007

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 75 - 76. As Ficus scassellatii

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 215. as Ficus scassellatii

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 148 - 149.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1985). The forest vegetation of the Nyika Plateau (Malawi-Zambia): ecological and phenological studies. Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. / Bull. Nat. Plantetuin Belg. 55 (3/4), 301-392.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus kirkii

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 124.

Other sources of information about Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii
Flora of Zambia: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus scassellatii
African Plant Database: Ficus scassellatii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus scassellatii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus scassellatii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus scassellatii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus scassellatii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus scassellatii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus scassellatii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ficus scassellatii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus scassellatii
Ispot Southern Africa: Ficus scassellatii
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus scassellatii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus scassellatii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus scassellatii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ficus scassellatii
Tropicos: Ficus scassellatii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus scassellatii subsp. scassellatii., retrieved 19 August 2018

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