Ficus sur Forssk.

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Ficus sur

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Ficus sur

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Ficus sur

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamaropa Falls, Wattle Co Estate

Ficus sur

Photo: Rob Burrett
Along path to Nanke Cave, Matopos.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus capensis Thunb.
Ficus mallotocarpa Warb.
Common names: Broom-cluster fig (English) Cape fig (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Large spreading tree. All parts exude a milky latex. Main stem may be buttressed in large forest specimens; bark pale grey, smooth. Leaves alternate, spiralled, ovate to elliptic, thinly leathery; margin crenate-dentate. The upper surface normally glabrous, the undersurface variously pubescent. Figs in large clusters, borne on leafless branchlets, growing from the main stem and older branches. Figs densely tomentose, bright green, turning orange to red when ripe.
Notes: The fruits are edible but often riddled with small insects. The latex is used to treat burns.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In open woodland, riverine and semi deciduous forest and on rocky hillsides.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2300 m
Flowering time:Sep - Mar
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cyrestis camillus sublineata (Food plant)
Nephele accentifera (Food plant)
Ceratosolen capensis (Pollinated by this insect)
Asota speciosa (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 11 October 2020

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 52 - 53.

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 67 - 71. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 215.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 76. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 27.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 149 - 150. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 276 - 279. as Ficus capensis (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 15.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 18. As Ficus capensis

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus capensis

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 16 - 17. as Ficus capensis (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 88.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 4. as Ficus capensis (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Ficus sur:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ficus sur
Flora of Malawi: Ficus sur
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus sur
Flora of Zambia: Ficus sur
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Ficus sur

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus sur
African Plant Database: Ficus sur
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus sur
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus sur
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus sur
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus sur
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus sur
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ficus sur
iNaturalist: Ficus sur
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus sur
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus sur
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus sur
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus sur
Plants of the World Online: Ficus sur
Tropicos: Ficus sur
Wikipedia: Ficus sur

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus sur., retrieved 25 October 2021

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