Ficus vallis-choudae Delile

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Ficus vallis-choudae

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Ficus vallis-choudae

Photo: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

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Synonyms: Ficus schweinfurthii Miq.
Sycomorus schimperiana Miq.
Common names: False cape fig (English) Haroni fig (English)
Frequency: Rare in Zimbabwe.
Status: Native
Tree to 20 m tall, terrestrial. Leaves ovate to broadly ovate, upper surface rough to the touch, thin-leathery with conspicuous cream-green venation. Figs solitary in leaf axils, up to 4 cm in diameter, densely velvety, turning yellow to orange when ripe, with faint reddish stripes.
Notes: In Zimbabwe, known only from the Haroni-Rusitu area.
Derivation of specific name: vallis-choudae: of the Chouda Valley in Ethiopia where the type specimen was collected.
Habitat: In riverine and swamp forest, occasional in evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 300 - 750 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in subsaharan Africa as far as Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Endangered
Insects associated with this species: Ceratosolen megacephalus (Pollinated by this insect)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Berg, C.C. (1990). Annotated checklist of the Ficus species of the African floristic region, with special reference and a key to the taxa of Southern Africa. Kirkia 13(2) Page 257.

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 53 - 54.

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 71 - 75. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 78. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 152.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 124.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 393. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Ficus vallis-choudae:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ficus vallis-choudae
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus vallis-choudae
Flora of Zambia: Ficus vallis-choudae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus vallis-choudae
African Plant Database: Ficus vallis-choudae
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus vallis-choudae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus vallis-choudae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus vallis-choudae
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus vallis-choudae
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus vallis-choudae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus vallis-choudae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ficus vallis-choudae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus vallis-choudae
Ispot Southern Africa: Ficus vallis-choudae
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus vallis-choudae
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus vallis-choudae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus vallis-choudae
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ficus vallis-choudae
Tropicos: Ficus vallis-choudae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus vallis-choudae., retrieved 21 April 2019

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