Protea caffra Meisn.
subsp. gazensis (Beard) Chisumpa & Brummitt

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Protea caffra subsp. gazensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Circular Drive to Mt Nyangani

Protea caffra subsp. gazensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinziwa, Vumba

Protea caffra subsp. gazensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinziwa, Vumba

Protea caffra subsp. gazensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

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Synonyms: Protea gazensis Beard
Common names: Manica protea (English) Mubonda (Shona) Musitsuru (Shona)
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. The leaves are bluish-green, hairless, narrowly oblong or elliptic. Young leaves are bright red. Flower heads up to 15 cm in diameter; outer bracts usually brownish, inner bracts pink to red.
Derivation of specific name: caffra : from Kaffraria, a historic name for South Africa;
gazensis: of Gaza, historic name for the eastern part of Southern Africa, now a province in Mozambique.
Habitat: In wooded grassland on hillsides and in valleys.
Altitude range: (metres) 1500 - 2100 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: This subspecies is confined to the border mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique, including Mt Gorongosa. Subsp. caffra occurs in southern Mozambique and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 12 October 2005

Beard, J.S. (1963). The genus Protea in Tropical Africa Kirkia 3 Pages 182 - 183. as Protea gazensis (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 102. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 45.

Chisumpa, S.M., Brummitt, R.K. & Marner, S. (2006). Proteaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 68 - 69.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 167.

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 92.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 235. As Protea gazensis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 69.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 38, plate 59

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 97.

Other sources of information about Protea caffra subsp. gazensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Protea caffra subsp. gazensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Protea caffra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Protea caffra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Protea caffra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Protea caffra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Protea caffra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Protea caffra
JSTOR Plant Science: Protea caffra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Protea caffra
Plants of the World Online: Protea caffra
Tropicos: Protea caffra
Wikipedia: Protea caffra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Protea caffra subsp. gazensis., retrieved 14 April 2024

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